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Table 2 Univariate analysis of demographic and clinical data by age groups

From: Pre-hospital and admission parameters predict in-hospital mortality among patients 60 years and older following severe trauma

  Age 60-69 (n = 105) Age 70-79 (n = 137) Age ≥ 80 (n = 174) P value †
Age, years 64.2 ± 3.0 74.9 ± 2.9 86.1 ± 4.9  
Gender, males * 71 (67.6) 82 (59.9) 79 (45.4) <0.0001
Mechanism of Injury (fall) * 42 (40.0) 86 (62.8) 143 (82.2) <0.0001
ISS ≥ 25 * 56 (53.3) 58 (42.3) 70 (40.2) 0.04
GCS upon arrival ≤8 * 24 (22.9) 23 (16.9) 30 (17.2) NS
Head AIS ≥ 3 * 58 (55.2) 97 (70.8) 152 (87.4) <0.0001
Number of regions injured 2.61 ± 1.5 2.09 ± 1.4 1.55 ± 0.9 <0.0001
Intubation upon arrival * 16 (15.2) 16 (11.7) 20 (11.5) NS
Required surgery * 52 (49.5) 52 (38.0) 52 (29.9) 0.0008
ICU admission * 71 (67.6) 74 (54.0) 81 (46.6) 0.0009
Complications * 30 (28.6) 24 (17.5) 35 (20.1) NS
Mortality * 10 (9.5) 23 (16.8) 41 (23.6) 0.003
  1. Data are presented as mean (and SD) or number of patients (and percentage points) *.
  2. † Chi-squared test for trends.
  3. ISS Injury severity score, GCS Glasgow coma scale, AIS Abbreviated injury scale, ICU Intensive care unit.