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Table 1 Pre-hospital critical care anaesthesiologists’ reasons for considering pre-hospital advanced airway management (n = 347)

From: Refraining from pre-hospital advanced airway management: a prospective observational study of critical decision making in an anaesthesiologist-staffed pre-hospital critical care service

Indication Total* %
Decreased level of consciousness 122 35.2
Hypoxemia 67 19.3
Ineffective ventilation 55 15.9
Existing airway obstruction 4 1.2
Impending airway obstruction 27 7.8
Anaesthesia to combative or agitated patient 3 0.9
Anaesthesia for pain relief or distress 5 1.4
Cardiac arrest 197 56.8
Other indications 10 2.9
  1. *Physicians may have more than one reason for considering pre-hospital advanced airway management.