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Table 5 Complications related to PHAAM (n = 734)

From: Pre-hospital advanced airway management by experienced anaesthesiologists: a prospective descriptive study

Complication PHAAM without drugs Drug-assisted PHAAM RSI*
  (n = 328) (n = 61) (n = 345)
  Number (%) Number (%) Number (%)
Vomiting / aspiration 7 (2.1) 2 (3.3) 16 (4.6)
Hypoxia 4 (1.2) 0 18 (5.2)
Bradycardia 0 0 1 (0.3)
Hypotension 1 (0.3) 0 25 (7.2)
Tube in oesophagus 14 (4.3) 2 (3.3) 15 (4.3)
Teeth trauma 0 0 0
Total** 26 (7.9) 4 (6.6) 76 (22.0)
  1. *Rapid Sequence Intubation, defined as the use of at least an anaesthetic agent or an opioid AND a neuro-muscular blocking agent.
  2. ** Two patients suffered more than one complication.