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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Abnormal vital signs are strong predictors for intensive care unit admission and in-hospital mortality in adults triaged in the emergency department - a prospective cohort study

  ICU admission In-hospital mortality   Missing
  ICU no ICU Dead Alive Total of total
All patients 102 6177 107 6172 6279  
Categorical Covariates       
Gender       
   Male 57 (55.9) 2974 (48.1) 56 (52.3) 2975 (48.2) 3031 (48.3) 0 (0)
   Female 45 (44.1) 3203 (51.9) 51 (47.7) 3197 (51.8) 3248 (51.7)  
Tfinal       
   Red 30 (29.4) 248 (4.0) 31 (29.0) 247 (4.0) 278 (4.4) 0 (0)
   Orange 40 (39.2) 1544 (25.0) 36 (33.6) 1548 (25.1) 1584 (25.2)  
   Yellow 26 (25.5) 2401 (38.9) 30 (28.0) 2397 (38.8) 2427 (38.7)  
   Green 6 (5.9) 1984 (32.1) 10 (9.3) 1980 (32.1) 1990 (31.7)  
SpO2 (%)       
   95-100 69 (73.4) 5440 (90.8) 64 (65.3) 5445 (90.9) 5509 (87.7) 191 (3.0)
   90-94 13 (13.8) 429 (7.2) 19 (19.4) 423 (7.1) 442 (7.0)  
   80-89 11 (11.7) 108 (1.8) 12 (12.2) 107 (1.8) 119 (1.9)  
   < 80 1 (1.1) 17 (0.3) 3 (3.1) 15 (0.3) 18 (0.3)  
RR (min-1)       
   > 35 3 (3.4) 35 (0.6) 4 (4.4) 34 (0.6) 38 (0.6) 785 (12.5)
   31-35 4 (4.6) 49 (0.9) 6 (6.6) 47 (0.9) 53 (0.8)  
   26-30 11 (12.6) 204 (3.8) 12 (13.2) 203 (3.8) 215 (3.4)  
   8-25 68 (78.2) 5119 (94.7) 69 (75.8) 5118 (94.7) 5187 (82.6)  
   < 8 1 (1.1)    1 (0.0) 1 (0.0)  
BP (mmHg)       
   90- 93 (97.9) 6008 (99.1) 93 (90.3) 6008 (99.2) 6101 (97.2) 120 (1.9)
   80-89 2 (2.1) 36 (0.6) 6 (5.8) 32 (0.5) 38 (0.6)  
   < 80 0 (0.0) 20 (0.3) 4 (3.9) 16 (0.3) 20 (0.3)  
HR (min-1)       
   > 130 9 (9.6) 111 (1.8) 4 (3.9) 116 (1.9) 120 (1.9) 126 (2.0)
   121-130 12 (12.8) 111 (1.8) 6 (5.8) 117 (1.9) 123 (2.0)  
   111-120 11 (11.7) 261 (4.3) 7 (6.8) 265 (4.4) 272 (4.3)  
   50-110 60 (63.8) 5510 (90.9) 83 (80.6) 5487 (90.7) 5570 (88.7)  
   40-49 1 (1.1) 56 (0.9) 2 (1.9) 55 (0.9) 57 (0.9)  
   < 40 1 (1.1) 10 (0.2) 1 (1.0) 10 (0.2) 11 (0.2)  
GCS       
   15 65 (73.0) 5472 (93.3) 63 (67.0) 5474 (93.4) 5537 (88.2) 327 (5.2)
   14 9 (10.1) 209 (3.6) 10 (10.6) 208 (3.6) 218 (3.5)  
   9-13 5 (5.6) 136 (2.3) 7 (7.4) 134 (2.3) 141 (2.2)  
   ≤ 8 10 (11.2) 46 (0.8) 14 (14.9) 42 (0.7) 56 (0.9)  
Admission day       
   weekend 24 (25.3) 1416 (23.9) 21 (20.6) 1419 (23.9) 1440 (22.9) 247 (3.9)
   weekday 71 (74.7) 4521 (76.1) 81 (79.4) 4511 (76.1) 4592 (73.1)  
Admission time       
   day 41 (43.2) 3163 (53.3) 61 (59.8) 3143 (53.0) 3204 (51.0) 247 (3.9)
   evening 33 (34.7) 1932 (32.5) 30 (29.4) 1935 (32.6) 1965 (31.3)  
   night 21 (22.1) 842 (14.2) 11 (10.8) 852 (14.4) 863 (13.7)  
Continuous covariates       
   Age 67 (17-93) 62 (16-108) 77 (29-99) 62 (16-108)   
  1. The table shows number of patients. The figures in parentheses are the column percentages within each categorical covariate. For continuous covariates median and range are presented
  2. ICU: intensive care unit; SpO2 : saturation of peripheral oxygen; RR: respiratory rate; BP: systolic blood pressure; HR: heart rate; GCS: Glasgow Coma Score; Admission time: day = 08.00-1559 hours; evening = 16.00-23.59 hours; night = 00.00-07.59 hours