Medication safety issues in the emergency department
© Salamon et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012
Published: 16 April 2012
The effect of clinical pharmacist conducted medication history, registration in electronic module and reconciliation, was studied in unscheduled patients admitted to our emergency department.
A prospective study which enrolled unscheduled patients presenting to a regional emergency department. In the control group, medication history, registration and reconciliation was conducted by junior doctors. Duration for medical journal record and medication registration was noticed separately. In the intervention group, clinical pharmacists conducted medication history, registration and reconciliation. Junior doctors conducted only medical journal record. Time was noticed for both groups.
135 consecutive patients were enrolled: 44 patients in the control group and 91 patients in the intervention group. In the intervention group, there was a significant reduction of at least 15 minutes (p = 0.005548), when junior doctors only conducted medical journal record, without medication history, registration and reconciliation. Clinical pharmacists used 38.5 minutes (CI 95 %: 34.5 – 42.5), for conduction of medication history, registration and reconciliation.
32 unscheduled patients are admitted to our emergency department daily. We conclude that, an average of approximately 8 hours will be added to junior doctor’s real time patient contact and treatment. The quality of medication history, registration and reconciliation, is also improved, when conducted by a clinical pharmacist.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.