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Table 3 Distribution of patients according to National Committee on Aeronautics severity of injury or illness index (NACA) score, revised trauma score (RTS), Glasgow coma score (GCS) and transport mode

From: Pre-hospital intubation by anaesthesiologists in patients with severe trauma: an audit of a Norwegian helicopter emergency medical service

  NACA RTS GCS RTS < 4 and
GCS 3-8
RTS > 4 and
GCS 9-15
Transport mode§
  4   5   6   7   < 4   > 4   3-8   9-15       Air   Ground
Attempted pre-hospital endotracheal
intubation (n = 240)
6   105   86   43   134   105   207   28   131*   28   116   98
Intubated in emergency
department (n = 47)
7   27   13     8   39   43   4   8   4   10   37
Not intubated (n = 968) 661   229   15   63   63   852   103   809   60**   808   408   497
  1. * 40 dead before arriving at hospital, ** 58 dead before arriving at hospital.
  2. Three patients in the "Attempted pre-hospital endotracheal intubation" and five in the "Not intubated" group were scored as NACA 7 but were first declared dead after arrival at the hospital. These were not included in the "dead before arriving at hospital" group.
  3. § Patients not transported from the scene by the service were not included in the table.