Volume 17 Supplement 3

Scandinavian Update on Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2009

Open Access

Incidence of traumatic long-bone fractures requiring inhospital management: a prospective age- and gender-specific analysis in 4,890 fractures

Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine200917(Suppl 3):O15

https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-7241-17-S3-O15

Published: 28 August 2009

Background

Musculoskeletal trauma represents a considerable global health burden, however reliable population-based incidence data are lacking. Thus, we prospectively investigated the age- and sex-specific incidence patterns of long-bone fractures in a defined population.

Methods

A 4-year prospective study of all long-bone fractures in a defined Norwegian population. Demographic data, fracture type and location, and mode of treatment were collected using recognized classification (e.g. AO/OTA; Gustilo-Anderson for open fractures). Age- and sex-adjusted incidences were calculated using population statistics.

Results

During the study period 4,890 long-bone fractures were recorded. Overall incidence per 100,000/yr was 406 with 95% confidence interval (95%CI) of 395–417. The age-adjusted incidence <16 yrs (339; 95%CI 318–360) was lower than those ≥16 years (427; 95% CI: 414–440). Overall male incidence (337; 95%CI 322–355) was lower than female (476; 95%CI 459–493), but male:female ratio was 2:1 among those <50 years, and 1:3 in those ≥50 years. Upper limb fractures had an overall incidence of 159 (95%CI 152–166), whereas lower limb incidence was 247 (95%CI 238–256). Open fractures occurred in 3%, for an incidence of 13 (95%CI 11–15). Pediatric fractures were more often treated conservatively with only 8% requiring internal fixation, compared to 56% internal fixation in those ≥16 years. An increase in the use of angular stable plates occurred during the study period.

Conclusion

This prospectively collected study of long-bone fractures in a defined population recognizes age- and gender-specific fracture patterns. Boys predominate in young age for which treatment is basically conservative. In the senior population, women and operative treatment predominate.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Stavanger University Hospital
(2)
Department of Surgery, Stavanger University Hospital
(3)
Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Bergen

Copyright

© Meling et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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