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Admission diagnosis and timing of lumbar puncture in bacterial meningitis
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine volume 17, Article number: P14 (2009)
To evaluate the possible influence of admission diagnosis and clinical signs on delay in time to lumbar puncture in adult community acquired bacterial meningitis.
All adult cases of culture positive cerebrospinal fluids in East Denmark from 2002 to 2004 were included. Medical records were collected retrospectively with 98.4% case completeness. "Cardinal symptoms" were defined as: altered consciousness, fever, nuchal rigidity, subjective headache, convulsions prior to admission and petechiae.
132 cases were included. Diagnosis at admission included meningitis (39%, n = 50), pneumonia/sepsis (9%, n = 12), acute cerebral vascular disease (10%, n = 13), febrilia (11%, n = 14), confusion/unconsciousness (15%, n = 19), other (16%, n = 21); with median time from admission to lumbar puncture 0.95 hr, 4.5 hr, 3,5 hr, 1.9 hr, 2.3 hr, and 4.15 hr (p < 0.0001 Kruskal-Wallis), respectively. When a minimum "3 out of 6 clinical cardinal symptoms" indicated meningitis, median time to lumbar puncture was shorter (1.0 hr vs 1.9 hr, p < 0.001).
Delay in time to lumbar puncture correlated to admission diagnosis and to initial clinical signs.