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  1. Original research

    Performance of point-of-care international normalized ratio measurement to diagnose trauma-induced coagulopathy

    Trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) is a common feature after severe trauma. Detection of TIC is based upon classic coagulation tests including international normalized ratio (INR) value. Point-of-care (POC) dev...

    Thomas Mistral, Yvonnick Boué, Jean-Luc Bosson, Pauline Manhes, Jules Greze, Julien Brun, Pierre Albaladejo, Jean-François Payen and Pierre Bouzat

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:59

    Published on: 21 June 2017

  2. Original research

    Community first responders and responder schemes in the United Kingdom: systematic scoping review

    Community First Responder (CFR) schemes support lay people to respond to medical emergencies, working closely with ambulance services. They operate widely in the UK. There has been no previous review of UK lit...

    Viet-Hai Phung, Ian Trueman, Fiona Togher, Roderick Orner and A. Niroshan Siriwardena

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:58

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  3. Original research

    Comparison of transportation related injury mechanisms and outcome of young road users and adult road users, a retrospective analysis on 24,373 patients derived from the TraumaRegister DGU®

    Most young people killed in road crashes are known as vulnerable road users. A combination of physical and developmental immaturity as well as inexperience increases the risk of road traffic accidents with a h...

    Thomas Brockamp, Uli Schmucker, Rolf Lefering, Manuel Mutschler, Arne Driessen, Christian Probst, Bertil Bouillon and Paola Koenen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:57

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  4. Original research

    Poor performance of quick-SOFA (qSOFA) score in predicting severe sepsis and mortality – a prospective study of patients admitted with infection to the emergency department

    We aimed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of qSOFA as a risk stratification tool for patients admitted with infection compared to traditional SIRS criteria or our triage system; the Rapid Emergency Triage a...

    Åsa Askim, Florentin Moser, Lise T. Gustad, Helga Stene, Maren Gundersen, Bjørn Olav Åsvold, Jostein Dale, Lars Petter Bjørnsen, Jan Kristian Damås and Erik Solligård

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:56

    Published on: 9 June 2017

  5. Original research

    The danish regions pediatric triage model has a limited ability to detect both critically ill children as well as children to be sent home without treatment – a study of diagnostic accuracy

    The Danish Regions Pediatric Triage model (DRPT) was introduced in 2012 and subsequent implemented in most Danish acute pediatric departments. The aim was to evaluate the validity of DRPT as a screening tool t...

    Lotte Høeg Hansen, Christian Backer Mogensen, Lena Wittenhoff and Helene Skjøt-Arkil

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:55

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  6. Original research

    The golden hour of acute ischemic stroke

    Acute Ischemic Stroke (AIS) treatment has been revolutionised in the last two decades with the increasing use of Intravenous Thrombolysis (IVT) and with the advent of Endovascular therapy (EVT). AIS treatment ...

    Rajiv Advani, Halvor Naess and Martin W. Kurz

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:54

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  7. Original research

    Pre-hospital triage performance after standardized trauma courses

    The pre-hospital triage process aims at identifying and prioritizing patients in the need of prompt intervention and/or evacuation. The objective of the present study was to evaluate triage decision skills in ...

    Maria Lampi, Johan Junker, Peter Berggren, Carl-Oscar Jonson and Tore Vikström

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:53

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  8. Original research

    Under-triage in telephone consultation is related to non-normative symptom description and interpersonal communication: a mixed methods study

    Telephone consultation and triage are used to limit the workload on emergency departments. Lack of visual cues and clinical tests put telephone consultations to a disadvantage compared to face-to-face consulta...

    Hejdi Gamst-Jensen, Freddy K. Lippert and Ingrid Egerod

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:52

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  9. Original research

    Risk for intracranial pressure increase related to enclosed air in post-craniotomy patients during air ambulance transport: a retrospective cohort study with simulation

    Post-craniotomy intracranial air can be present in patients scheduled for air ambulance transport to their home hospital. We aimed to assess risk for in-flight intracranial pressure (ICP) increases related to ...

    Helge Brändström, Anna Sundelin, Daniela Hoseason, Nina Sundström, Richard Birgander, Göran Johansson, Ola Winsö, Lars-Owe Koskinen and Michael Haney

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:50

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  10. Original research

    Dispatch and prehospital transport for acute septic patients: an observational study

    In order to dispatch ambulances with the correct level of urgency, the dispatch center has to balance the perceived urgency and traffic safety considerations with the available resources. As urgency is not cle...

    Peter Bank Pedersen, Daniel Pilsgaard Henriksen, Søren Mikkelsen and Annmarie Touborg Lassen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:51

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  11. Original research

    A novel scoring system for predicting the neurologic prognosis prior to the initiation of induced hypothermia in cases of post-cardiac arrest syndrome: the CAST score

    The aim of this study was to develop a scoring system for identifying the post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) patients with a good potential for recovery prior to the initiation of induced therapeutic hypother...

    Mitsuaki Nishikimi, Naoyuki Matsuda, Kota Matsui, Kunihiko Takahashi, Tadashi Ejima, Keibun Liu, Takayuki Ogura, Michiko Higashi, Hitoshi Umino, Go Makishi, Atsushi Numaguchi, Satoru Matsushima, Hideki Tokuyama, Mitsunobu Nakamura and Shigeyuki Matsui

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:49

    Published on: 10 May 2017

  12. Original research

    Do pre-hospital poisoning deaths differ from in-hospital deaths? A retrospective analysis

    Most fatal poisonings occur outside the hospital and the victims found dead. The purpose of this study was to determine the general pattern and patient demographics of fatal poisonings in Northern Finland. In ...

    Lauri Koskela, Lasse Raatiniemi, Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tero Ala-Kokko and Janne Liisanantti

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:48

    Published on: 8 May 2017

  13. Original research

    Sex-based differences in outcomes after severe injury: an analysis of blunt trauma patients in China

    Experimental research suggests that females have a higher survival rate after trauma, although this claim is controversial. This study sought to determine the role of sex on mortality among trauma patients in ...

    Ziqiang Zhu, Xiaoping Shang, Peiyi Qi and Shengli Ma

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:47

    Published on: 2 May 2017

  14. Original research

    Clinical course and prognostic factors of patients in severe accidental hypothermia with circulatory instability rewarmed with veno-arterial ECMO - an observational case series study

    Recently, veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) has become the rewarming treatment of choice in hypothermic cardiac arrest. The detailed indications for extracorporeal rewarming in non-ar...

    Sylweriusz Kosiński, Tomasz Darocha, Anna Jarosz, Aleksander Zeliaś, Mirosław Ziętkiewicz, Paweł Podsiadło, Tomasz Sanak, Kinga Sałapa, Jacek Piątek, Janusz Konstany-Kalandyk, Robert Gałązkowski, Paweł Krawczyk, Łukasz Krzych and Rafał Drwiła

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:46

    Published on: 2 May 2017

  15. Original research

    In-hospital airway management training for non-anesthesiologist EMS physicians: a descriptive quality control study

    Pre-hospital airway management is a major challenge for emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. Despite convincing evidence that the rescuer’s qualifications determine efficacy of tracheal intubation, in-ho...

    Helmut Trimmel, Christoph Beywinkler, Sonja Hornung, Janett Kreutziger and Wolfgang G. Voelckel

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:45

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  16. Original research

    Treatment-limiting decisions in patients with severe traumatic brain injury in a Norwegian regional trauma center

    Treatment-limiting decisions (TLD) for severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) have been sparsely studied. This study determine prevalence, main reason for, categories and timing of TLDs in a Norwegian regional t...

    Annette Robertsen, Reidun Førde, Nils Oddvar Skaga and Eirik Helseth

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:44

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  17. Original research

    Hypothermia in trauma victims at first arrival of ambulance personnel: an observational study with assessment of risk factors

    Hypothermia is common in trauma victims and is associated with increased mortality, however its causes are little known. The objective of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with hypothermia...

    Frédéric Lapostolle, James Couvreur, François Xavier Koch, Dominique Savary, Armelle Alhéritière, Michel Galinski, Jean-Luc Sebbah, Karim Tazarourte and Frédéric Adnet

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:43

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  18. Review

    Lessons from a large trauma center: impact of blunt chest trauma in polytrauma patients—still a relevant problem?

    Thoracic trauma is the third most common cause of death after abdominal injury and head trauma in polytrauma patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate epidemiological data, treatment and outcome o...

    Konstantina Chrysou, Gabriel Halat, Beatrix Hoksch, Ralph A. Schmid and Gregor J. Kocher

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:42

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  19. Original research

    The association of patient and trauma characteristics with the health-related quality of life in a Dutch trauma population

    It is suggested in literature to use the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) as an outcome indicator for evaluating trauma centre performances. In order to predict HRQoL, characteristics that could be of in...

    Amy Gunning, Mark van Heijl, Karlijn van Wessem and Luke Leenen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:41

    Published on: 14 April 2017

  20. Original research

    Merger of two dispatch centres: does it improve quality and patient safety?

    Dispatch centres (DCs) are considered an essential but expensive component of many highly developed healthcare systems. The number of DCs in a country, region, or state is usually based on local history and of...

    Alexandre Moser, Annette Mettler, Vincent Fuchs, Walter Hanhart, Claude-François Robert, Vincent Della Santa and Fabrice Dami

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:40

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  21. Review

    The use of viscoelastic haemostatic assays in goal-directing treatment with allogeneic blood products – A systematic review and meta-analysis

    Management of the critically bleeding patient can be encountered in many medical and surgical settings. Common for these patients is a high risk of dying from exsanguination secondary to developing coagulopath...

    Mathilde Fahrendorff, Roberto S. Oliveri and Pär I. Johansson

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:39

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  22. Original research

    PreHospital Ambulance Stroke Test - pilot study of a novel stroke test

    There is a need for a prehospital stroke test that in addition to high sensitivity for stroke, also is able to communicate stroke severity similar to the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS).

    Gunnar Andsberg, Magnus Esbjörnsson, Arne Olofsson, Arne Lindgren, Bo Norrving and Mia von Euler

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:37

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  23. Original research

    The challenges of military medical education and training for physicians and nurses in the Nordic countries - an interview study

    Development and use of e-learning has not taken place to the same extent in military medicine in the Nordic countries. The aim was to explore the similarities and differences in education and training in milit...

    Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark and Klas Karlgren

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:38

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  24. Original research

    Effect of an interactive cardiopulmonary resuscitation assist device with an automated external defibrillator synchronised with a ventilator on the CPR performance of emergency medical service staff: a randomised simulation study

    The present study evaluates whether the quality of advanced cardiac life support (ALS) is improved with an interactive prototype assist device. This device consists of an automated external defibrillator linke...

    Rainer Nitzschke, Christoph Doehn, Jan F. Kersten, Julian Blanz, Tobias J. Kalwa, Norman A. Scotti and Jens C. Kubitz

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:36

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  25. Original article

    Termination of prehospital resuscitative efforts: a study of documentation on ethical considerations at the scene

    Discussions on ethical aspects of life-and-death decisions within the hospital are often made in plenary. The prehospital physician, however, may be faced with ethical dilemmas in life-and-death decisions when...

    Søren Mikkelsen, Caroline Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Lars Grassmé Binderup, Hans Morten Lossius, Palle Toft and Annmarie Touborg Lassen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:35

    Published on: 31 March 2017

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