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  1. Original research

    In-hospital airway management training for non-anesthesiologist EMS physicians: a descriptive quality control study

    Pre-hospital airway management is a major challenge for emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. Despite convincing evidence that the rescuer’s qualifications determine efficacy of tracheal intubation, in-ho...

    Helmut Trimmel, Christoph Beywinkler, Sonja Hornung, Janett Kreutziger and Wolfgang G. Voelckel

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:45

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  2. Original research

    Treatment-limiting decisions in patients with severe traumatic brain injury in a Norwegian regional trauma center

    Treatment-limiting decisions (TLD) for severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) have been sparsely studied. This study determine prevalence, main reason for, categories and timing of TLDs in a Norwegian regional t...

    Annette Robertsen, Reidun Førde, Nils Oddvar Skaga and Eirik Helseth

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:44

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  3. Original research

    Hypothermia in trauma victims at first arrival of ambulance personnel: an observational study with assessment of risk factors

    Hypothermia is common in trauma victims and is associated with increased mortality, however its causes are little known. The objective of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with hypothermia...

    Frédéric Lapostolle, James Couvreur, François Xavier Koch, Dominique Savary, Armelle Alhéritière, Michel Galinski, Jean-Luc Sebbah, Karim Tazarourte and Frédéric Adnet

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:43

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  4. Review

    Lessons from a large trauma center: impact of blunt chest trauma in polytrauma patients—still a relevant problem?

    Thoracic trauma is the third most common cause of death after abdominal injury and head trauma in polytrauma patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate epidemiological data, treatment and outcome o...

    Konstantina Chrysou, Gabriel Halat, Beatrix Hoksch, Ralph A. Schmid and Gregor J. Kocher

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:42

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  5. Original research

    The association of patient and trauma characteristics with the health-related quality of life in a Dutch trauma population

    It is suggested in literature to use the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) as an outcome indicator for evaluating trauma centre performances. In order to predict HRQoL, characteristics that could be of in...

    Amy Gunning, Mark van Heijl, Karlijn van Wessem and Luke Leenen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:41

    Published on: 14 April 2017

  6. Original research

    Merger of two dispatch centres: does it improve quality and patient safety?

    Dispatch centres (DCs) are considered an essential but expensive component of many highly developed healthcare systems. The number of DCs in a country, region, or state is usually based on local history and of...

    Alexandre Moser, Annette Mettler, Vincent Fuchs, Walter Hanhart, Claude-François Robert, Vincent Della Santa and Fabrice Dami

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:40

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  7. Review

    The use of viscoelastic haemostatic assays in goal-directing treatment with allogeneic blood products – A systematic review and meta-analysis

    Management of the critically bleeding patient can be encountered in many medical and surgical settings. Common for these patients is a high risk of dying from exsanguination secondary to developing coagulopath...

    Mathilde Fahrendorff, Roberto S. Oliveri and Pär I. Johansson

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:39

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  8. Original research

    PreHospital Ambulance Stroke Test - pilot study of a novel stroke test

    There is a need for a prehospital stroke test that in addition to high sensitivity for stroke, also is able to communicate stroke severity similar to the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS).

    Gunnar Andsberg, Magnus Esbjörnsson, Arne Olofsson, Arne Lindgren, Bo Norrving and Mia von Euler

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:37

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  9. Original research

    The challenges of military medical education and training for physicians and nurses in the Nordic countries - an interview study

    Development and use of e-learning has not taken place to the same extent in military medicine in the Nordic countries. The aim was to explore the similarities and differences in education and training in milit...

    Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark and Klas Karlgren

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:38

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  10. Original research

    Effect of an interactive cardiopulmonary resuscitation assist device with an automated external defibrillator synchronised with a ventilator on the CPR performance of emergency medical service staff: a randomised simulation study

    The present study evaluates whether the quality of advanced cardiac life support (ALS) is improved with an interactive prototype assist device. This device consists of an automated external defibrillator linke...

    Rainer Nitzschke, Christoph Doehn, Jan F. Kersten, Julian Blanz, Tobias J. Kalwa, Norman A. Scotti and Jens C. Kubitz

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:36

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  11. Original article

    Termination of prehospital resuscitative efforts: a study of documentation on ethical considerations at the scene

    Discussions on ethical aspects of life-and-death decisions within the hospital are often made in plenary. The prehospital physician, however, may be faced with ethical dilemmas in life-and-death decisions when...

    Søren Mikkelsen, Caroline Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Lars Grassmé Binderup, Hans Morten Lossius, Palle Toft and Annmarie Touborg Lassen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:35

    Published on: 31 March 2017

  12. Original research

    External validation of the ROSC after cardiac arrest (RACA) score in a physician staffed emergency medical service system

    The return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest (RACA) score may have implications as a quality indicator for the emergency medical services (EMS) system. We aimed to validate this score exte...

    Petteri Kupari, Markus Skrifvars and Markku Kuisma

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:34

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  13. Original research

    Blood transfusion and coagulopathy in geriatric trauma patients

    Trauma resuscitation has undergone a paradigm shift with new emphasis on the early use of blood products and increased proportions of plasma and platelets. However, it is unclear how this strategy is applied o...

    Brett Mador, Bartolomeu Nascimento, Simon Hollands and Sandro Rizoli

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:33

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  14. Commentary

    We need to include bystander first aid in trauma research

    The chain of trauma survival is a concept that originated in the area of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and was adapted to the treatment of trauma. In out-of-hospital cardiac arrest research into bystan...

    Håkon Kvåle Bakke and Torben Wisborg

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:32

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  15. Meeting abstracts

    Meeting abstracts from the 7th Danish Emergency Medicine Conference

    Osama Bin Abdullah, Johannes Grand, Astha Sijapati, Petrine Nimskov, Finn Erland Nielsen, Jens Christian Schmidt, Noel Pérez, Tanja Kirkegaard, Marianne Fløjstrup, Mikkel Brabrand, Mathias Galthen-Sørensen, Rasa Ramoskiene, Arman Arshad, Annmarie Lassen, Lars Stubbe Teglbjærg, O. Andersen…

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25(Suppl 2):29

    Published on: 17 March 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 25 Supplement 2

  16. Original research

    Targeted temperature management in cardiac arrest: survival evaluated by propensity score matching

    Targeted temperature management in cardiac arrest was introduced following evidence of increased survival from two controlled trials published in 2002. We wanted to investigate whether the introduction of targ...

    Eirik A. Buanes, Karl O. Hufthammer, Jørund Langørgen, Anne-Berit Guttormsen and Jon-Kenneth Heltne

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:31

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  17. Original research

    Prothrombin time is predictive of low plasma prothrombin concentration and clinical outcome in patients with trauma hemorrhage: analyses of prospective observational cohort studies

    Fibrinogen and prothrombin have been suggested to become rate limiting in trauma associated coagulopathy. Administration of fibrinogen is now recommended, however, the importance of prothrombin to patient outc...

    Clare A. Balendran, Ann Lövgren, Kenny M. Hansson, Karin Nelander, Marita Olsson, Karin J. Johansson, Karim Brohi, Dietmar Fries and Anders Berggren

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:30

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  18. Original research

    The laboratory risk indicator for necrotizing fasciitis (LRINEC) scoring: the diagnostic and potential prognostic role

    Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a devastating soft tissue infection associated with potentially poor outcomes. The Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) score has been introduced as a diag...

    Ayman El-Menyar, Mohammad Asim, Insolvisagan N. Mudali, Ahammed Mekkodathil, Rifat Latifi and Hassan Al-Thani

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:28

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  19. Original research

    Effect and accuracy of emergency dispatch telephone guidance to bystanders in trauma: post-hoc analysis of a prospective observational study

    Emergency medical communication centres (EMCCs) dispatch and allocate ambulance resources, and provide first-aid guidance to on-scene bystanders. We aimed to 1) evaluate whether dispatcher guidance improved by...

    Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tine Steinvik, Håkon Ruud and Torben Wisborg

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:27

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  20. Original research

    Presentations to an urban emergency department in Bern, Switzerland associated with acute recreational drug toxicity

    Although the recreational use of psychoactive substances is common there is only limited systematic collection of data on acute drug toxicity or hospital presentations. Currently, data from Switzerland are onl...

    Evangelia Liakoni, Sabine Müller, Adrian Stoller, Meret Ricklin, Matthias E. Liechti and Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:26

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  21. Review

    The haemodynamic dilemma in emergency care: Is fluid responsiveness the answer? A systematic review

    Fluid therapy is a common and crucial treatment in the emergency department (ED). While fluid responsiveness seems to be a promising method to titrate fluid therapy, the evidence for its value in ED is unclear...

    Mohammed H. Elwan, Ashraf Roshdy, Eman M. Elsharkawy, Salah M. Eltahan and Timothy J. Coats

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:25

    Published on: 6 March 2017

  22. Original research

    Can we rely on out-of-hospital blood samples? A prospective interventional study on the pre-analytical stability of blood samples under prehospital emergency medicine conditions

    Prehospital intravenous access provides the opportunity to sample blood from an emergency patient at the earliest possible moment in the course of acute illness and in a state prior to therapeutic intervention...

    Johannes Prottengeier, Nicola Jess, Frank Harig, Christine Gall, Joachim Schmidt and Torsten Birkholz

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:24

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  23. Original research

    Presentations of adult septic patients in the prehospital setting as recorded by emergency medical services: a mixed methods analysis

    Current sepsis screening tools rely on vital parameters which are, however, normal in one third of patients with serious infections. Therefore, there is a need to include other variables than vital parameters ...

    Ulrika Margareta Wallgren, Katarina Eva Margareta Bohm and Lisa Kurland

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:23

    Published on: 3 March 2017

  24. Original research

    The difficult medical emergency call: A register-based study of predictors and outcomes

    Pre-hospital emergency care requires proper categorization of emergency calls and assessment of emergency priority levels by the medical dispatchers. We investigated predictors for emergency call categorizatio...

    Thea Palsgaard Møller, Thora Majlund Kjærulff, Søren Viereck, Doris Østergaard, Fredrik Folke, Annette Kjær Ersbøll and Freddy K. Lippert

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:22

    Published on: 1 March 2017

  25. Case report

    Pre-hospital ct diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage

    Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is associated with higher mortality in the acute phase than other stroke types. There is a particular risk of early and devastating re-bleeding. Patients therefore need urgent ass...

    Maren Ranhoff Hov, Annette Ryen, Katrine Finsnes, Janne Storflor, Thomas Lindner, Jostein Gleditsch and Christian Georg Lund

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:21

    Published on: 28 February 2017

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