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  1. Meeting abstracts

    Meeting abstracts from the first European Emergency Medical Services congress (EMS2016)

    Alexander White, Han Xian Ng, Wai Yee Ng, Eileen Kai Xin Ng, Stephanie Fook-Chong, Phek Hui Jade Kua, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Alvilda Thougaard Steensberg, Lars Bredevang Andersen, Mette Mølby Eriksen, Ole Mazur Hendriksen, Thomas Thougaard, Andreas Claesson, J. Lennartsson, L. Svensson, M. Ringh…

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25(Suppl 1):358

    Published on: 22 February 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 25 Supplement 1

  2. Original research

    The impact of a physician-staffed helicopter on outcome in patients admitted to a stroke unit: a prospective observational study

    Transportation by helicopter may reduce time to hospital admission and improve outcome. We aimed to investigate the effect of transport mode on mortality, disability, and labour market affiliation in patients ...

    Kamilia S. Funder, Lars S. Rasmussen, Nicolai Lohse, Rasmus Hesselfeldt, Volkert Siersma, Jesper Gyllenborg, Sandra Wulffeld, Ole M. Hendriksen, Freddy K. Lippert and Jacob Steinmetz

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:18

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  3. Original research article

    Potential benefits of an integrated military/civilian trauma system: experiences from two major regional conflicts

    Although differences of opinion and controversies may arise, lessons learned from military conflicts often translate into improvements in triage, resuscitation strategies, and surgical technique. Our fully int...

    Jeffry L. Kashuk, Kobi Peleg, Elon Glassberg, Adi Givon, Irina Radomislensky and Yoram Kluger

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:17

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  4. Original research

    Should capnography be used as a guide for choosing a ventilation strategy in circulatory shock caused by severe hypothermia? Observational case-series study

    Severe accidental hypothermia can cause circulatory disturbances ranging from cardiac arrhythmias through circulatory shock to cardiac arrest. Severity of shock, pulmonary hypoperfusion and ventilation-perfusi...

    Tomasz Darocha, Sylweriusz Kosiński, Anna Jarosz, Paweł Podsiadło, Mirosław Ziętkiewicz, Tomasz Sanak, Robert Gałązkowski, Jacek Piątek, Janusz Konstanty-Kalandyk and Rafał Drwiła

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:15

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  5. Original research

    Developing quality indicators for physician-staffed emergency medical services: a consensus process

    There is increasing interest for quality measurement in health care services; pre-hospital emergency medical services (EMS) included. However, attempts of measuring the quality of physician-staffed EMS (P-EMS)...

    Helge Haugland, Marius Rehn, Pål Klepstad and Andreas Krüger

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:14

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  6. Original research

    Pre-hospital transfusion of packed red blood cells in 147 patients from a UK helicopter emergency medical service

    Early transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBC) has been associated with improved survival in patients with haemorrhagic shock. This study aims to describe the characteristics of patients receiving pre-hosp...

    Richard M. Lyon, Eleanor de Sausmarez, Emily McWhirter, Gary Wareham, Magnus Nelson, Ashley Matthies, Anthony Hudson, Leigh Curtis and Malcolm Q. Russell

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:12

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  7. Original research

    Diagnostic error in the Emergency Department: follow up of patients with minor trauma in the outpatient clinic

    The Emergency Department (ED) is prone to diagnostic error. Most frequent diagnostic errors involved “minor” trauma. Our goal was to determine how frequently a missed diagnosis was detected during follow up an...

    Pieter-Jan Moonen, Luc Mercelina, Willem Boer and Tom Fret

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:13

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  8. Original research

    Thrombocytopenia on the first day of emergency department visit predicts higher risk of acute kidney injury among elderly patients

    Few studies have addressed risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in geriatric patients. We investigated whether thrombocytopenia was a risk factor for AKI in geriatric patients with medical illnesses.

    Chia-Ter Chao, Hung-Bin Tsai, Chih-Kang Chiang and Jenq-Wen Huang

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:11

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  9. Original research

    Severity-dependent differences in early management of thoracic trauma in severely injured patients - Analysis based on the TraumaRegister DGU®

    Major trauma is associated with chest injuries in nearly 50% of multiple injuries. Thoracic trauma is a relevant source of comorbidity throughout the period of multiply-injured patient care and may require swi...

    J. Bayer, R. Lefering, S. Reinhardt, J. Kühle, N. P. Südkamp and T. Hammer

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:10

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  10. Review

    Recognition of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during emergency calls — a systematic review of observational studies

    The medical dispatcher plays an essential role as part of the first link in the Chain of Survival, by recognising the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) during the emergency call, dispatching the appropriat...

    Søren Viereck, Thea Palsgaard Møller, Josephine Philip Rothman, Fredrik Folke and Freddy Knudsen Lippert

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:9

    Published on: 1 February 2017

  11. Original research

    Investigation of complications secondary to chest compressions before and after the 2010 cardiopulmonary resuscitation guideline changes by using multi-detector computed tomography: a retrospective study

    The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between the deeper and faster chest compressions suggested by the 2010 cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines and complications arising from chest c...

    Jin Ho Beom, Je Sung You, Min Joung Kim, Min Kyung Seung, Yoo Seok Park, Hyun Soo Chung, Sung Phil Chung and Incheol Park

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:8

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  12. Original research

    Development of a novel information and communication technology system to compensate for a sudden shortage of emergency department physicians

    A sudden shortage of physician resources due to overwhelming patient needs can affect the quality of care in the emergency department (ED). Developing effective response strategies remains a challenging resear...

    Kumiko Tanaka, Taka-aki Nakada, Hiroshi Fukuma, Shota Nakao, Naohisa Masunaga, Keisuke Tomita, Yosuke Matsumura, Yasuaki Mizushima and Tetsuya Matsuoka

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:6

    Published on: 23 January 2017

  13. Original research

    Prehospital intravenous fentanyl to patients with hip fracture: an observational cohort study of risk factors for analgesic non-treatment

    Patients with proximal femoral neck fracture have a high short-term mortality, a high risk of postoperative complications, and impaired quality of life. One of the challenges related to the prehospital treatme...

    Kristian D. Friesgaard, Erika F. Christensen, Hans Kirkegaard, Mette D. Bendtsen, Flemming B. Jensen and Lone Nikolajsen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:5

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  14. Original research

    Pre-hospital treatment of bee and wasp induced anaphylactic reactions: a retrospective study

    Bee and wasp stings are among the most common triggers of anaphylaxis in adults representing around 20% of fatal anaphylaxis from any cause. Data of pre-hospital treatment of bee and wasp induced anaphylactic ...

    Athamaica Ruiz Oropeza, Søren Mikkelsen, Carsten Bindslev-Jensen and Charlotte G. Mortz

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:4

    Published on: 14 January 2017

  15. Letter to the Editor

    External validation of a clinical decision rule: we need events in a population in order to rule them out!

    We respond to the Lorton et al. article on external validation of the PECARN study. With an event rate of only 0.6%, we believe that their study failed to confirm the safety of this rule. Such a low number of ...

    Yonathan Freund and Anne-Laure Philippon

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:3

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  16. Review

    The Norwegian guidelines for the prehospital management of adult trauma patients with potential spinal injury

    The traditional prehospital management of trauma victims with potential spinal injury has become increasingly questioned as authors and clinicians have raised concerns about over-triage and harm. In order to a...

    Daniel K Kornhall, Jørgen Joakim Jørgensen, Tor Brommeland, Per Kristian Hyldmo, Helge Asbjørnsen, Thomas Dolven, Thomas Hansen and Elisabeth Jeppesen

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:2

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  17. Original research

    Should we perform a FAST exam in haemodynamically stable patients presenting after blunt abdominal injury: a retrospective cohort study

    Focussed Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) is a bedside ultrasonography technique used to detect free intraperitoneal fluid in patients presenting with blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) in the emergency ...

    D. Dammers, M. El Moumni, I.I. Hoogland, N. Veeger and E. ter Avest

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2017 25:1

    Published on: 3 January 2017

  18. Original research

    When a vehicle becomes a weapon: intentional vehicular assaults in Israel

    We have recently witnessed an epidemic of intentional vehicular assaults (IVA) aimed at pedestrians. We hypothesized that IVA are associated with a specific injury pattern and severity.

    Gidon Almogy, Asaf Kedar and Miklosh Bala

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:149

    Published on: 28 December 2016

  19. Original research

    Is the shock index based classification of hypovolemic shock applicable in multiple injured patients with severe traumatic brain injury?—an analysis of the TraumaRegister DGU®

    A new classification of hypovolemic shock based on the shock index (SI) was proposed in 2013. This classification contains four classes of shock and shows good correlation with acidosis, blood product need and...

    Matthias Fröhlich, Arne Driessen, Andreas Böhmer, Ulrike Nienaber, Alhadi Igressa, Christian Probst, Bertil Bouillon, Marc Maegele and Manuel Mutschler

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:148

    Published on: 12 December 2016

  20. Original research

    Complications after surgical management of distal lower leg fractures

    Osseous healing of distal lower leg fractures can be prolonged and is often associated with wound healing problems because of the marginal soft - tissue and vascular supply in this area. Postoperative complica...

    Mirjam V. Neumann, Peter C. Strohm, Kilian Reising, Joern Zwingmann, Thorsten O. Hammer and Norbert P. Suedkamp

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:146

    Published on: 9 December 2016

  21. Original research

    Impact of Cushing’s sign in the prehospital setting on predicting the need for immediate neurosurgical intervention in trauma patients: a nationwide retrospective observational study

    Cushing’s reflex usually results from intracranial hypertension. Although Cushing’s sign can implicate severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in injured patients, no major investigations have been made. The purpo...

    Tetsuya Yumoto, Toshiharu Mitsuhashi, Yasuaki Yamakawa, Atsuyoshi Iida, Nobuyuki Nosaka, Kohei Tsukahara, Hiromichi Naito and Atsunori Nakao

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:147

    Published on: 9 December 2016

  22. Original research

    Pre-hospital transfusion of plasma in hemorrhaging trauma patients independently improves hemostatic competence and acidosis

    The early use of blood products has been associated with improved patient outcomes following severe hemorrhage or traumatic injury. We aimed to investigate the influence of pre-hospital blood products (i.e. pl...

    Hanne H. Henriksen, Elaheh Rahbar, Lisa A. Baer, John B. Holcomb, Bryan A. Cotton, Jacob Steinmetz, Sisse R. Ostrowski, Jakob Stensballe, Pär I. Johansson and Charles E. Wade

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:145

    Published on: 9 December 2016

  23. Original research

    Adult “termination-of-resuscitation” (TOR)-criteria may not be suitable for children - a retrospective analysis

    Only a small number of patients survive out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest (OHCA). The duration of CPR varies considerably and transportation of patients under CPR is often unsuccessful. Termination-of-resuscitati...

    Victoria Maria Rotering, Sonja Trepels-Kottek, Konrad Heimann, Jörg-Christian Brokmann, Thorsten Orlikowsky and Mark Schoberer

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:144

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  24. Review

    Altered pharmacological effects of adrenergic agonists during hypothermia

    Rewarming from accidental hypothermia is often complicated by hypothermia-induced cardiac dysfunction, calling for immediate pharmacologic intervention. Studies show that although cardiac pharmacologic support...

    Erik Sveberg Dietrichs, Georg Sager and Torkjel Tveita

    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2016 24:143

    Published on: 5 December 2016

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