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  1. Critical hospital resources, especially the demand for ICU beds, are usually limited following mass casualty incidents such as suicide bombing attacks (SBA). Our primary objective was to identify easily diagno...

    Authors: Miklosh Bala, Dafna Willner, Asaf Keidar, Avraham I Rivkind, Tali Bdolah-Abram and Gidon Almogy
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:19
  2. Over the past decade technological advances in the realm of ultrasound have allowed what was once a cumbersome and large machine to become essentially hand-held. This coupled with a greater understanding of lu...

    Authors: Lawrence M Gillman and Andrew W Kirkpatrick
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:18
  3. The rewarming benefit of anterior torso heat pad application in mildly hypothermic conscious adult trauma patients remains inconclusive in this randomized comparative clinical trial. There was no between-group...

    Authors: Joseph Yuk Sang Ting
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:17
  4. Good quality basic life support (BLS) improves outcome following cardiac arrest. As BLS performance deteriorates over time we performed a parallel group, superiority study to investigate the effect of feedback...

    Authors: Tobias Stenbjerg Lyngeraa, Peter Buhl Hjortrup, Nille Birk Wulff, Theis Aagaard and Anne Lippert
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:16
  5. Severe trauma-related bleeding is associated with high mortality. Standard coagulation tests provide limited information on the underlying coagulation disorder. Whole-blood viscoelastic tests such as rotationa...

    Authors: Herbert Schöchl, Marc Maegele, Cristina Solomon, Klaus Görlinger and Wolfgang Voelckel
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:15
  6. Hospitals are cornerstones for health care in a community and must continue to function in the face of a disaster. The Hospital Incident Command System (HICS) is a method by which the hospital operates when an...

    Authors: Ahmadreza Djalali, Maaret Castren, Vahid Hosseinijenab, Mahmoud Khatib, Gunnar Ohlen and Lisa Kurland
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:14
  7. Blunt implementation of Western trauma system models is not feasible in low-resource communities with long prehospital transit times. The aims of the study were to evaluate to which extent a low-cost prehospit...

    Authors: Mudhafar K Murad, Stig Larsen and Hans Husum
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:13
  8. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major medical and socio-economic problem, and is the leading cause of death in children and young adults. The critical care management of severe TBI is largely derived from th...

    Authors: Samir H Haddad and Yaseen M Arabi
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:12
  9. The aim of this letter is to facilitate the standardisation of Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) codesets used to code injuries in trauma registries. We have compiled a definitive list of the changes which have b...

    Authors: Kjetil G Ringdal, Morten Hestnes and Cameron S Palmer
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:11
  10. Emergent placement of a chest tube is a potentially life-saving procedure, but rate of misplacement and organ injury is up to 30%. In principle, chest tube insertion can be performed by using Trocar or Non-tro...

    Authors: Clemens M Ortner, Kurt Ruetzler, Nikolaus Schaumann, Veit Lorenz, Peter Schellongowski, Ernst Schuster, Ramez M Salem and Michael Frass
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:10
  11. For real-time assessment of the probability of survival (Ps) of blunt trauma victims at emergency centers, this study aimed to establish regression models for estimating Ps using simplified coefficients.

    Authors: Akio Kimura, Shinji Nakahara and Witaya Chadbunchachai
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:9
  12. Pre-hospital electrocardiogram (ECG) transmission to an expert for interpretation and triage reduces time to acute percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST elevation Myocardial Infarction (...

    Authors: Jakob L Forberg, Ardavan Khoshnood, Michael Green, Mattias Ohlsson, Jonas Björk, Stefan Jovinge, Lars Edenbrandt and Ulf Ekelund
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:8
  13. Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) have been profiled as 'party drugs' used mainly at dance parties and in nightclubs on weekend nights. The purpose of this study was to examine the freq...

    Authors: James J Boyd, Markku J Kuisma and Tarja T Randell
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:7
  14. Neuron specific enolase (NSE) has repeatedly been evaluated for neurological prognostication in patients after cardiac arrest. However, it is unclear whether current guidelines for NSE cutoff levels also apply...

    Authors: Christian Storm, Jens Nee, Achim Jörres, Christoph Leithner, Dietrich Hasper and Christoph J Ploner
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:6
  15. Formalized trauma systems have shown beneficial effects on patient survival and have harvested great recognition among health care professionals. In spite of this, the implementation of trauma systems is chall...

    Authors: Thomas Kristiansen, Kjetil G Ringdal, Tarjei Skotheimsvik, Halvor K Salthammer, Christine Gaarder, Pål A Næss and Hans M Lossius
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:5
  16. On July 22, 2011, a single perpetrator killed 77 people in a car bomb attack and a shooting spree incident in Norway. This article describes the emergency medical service (EMS) response elicited by the two inc...

    Authors: Stephen JM Sollid, Rune Rimstad, Marius Rehn, Anders R Nakstad, Ann-Elin Tomlinson, Terje Strand, Hans Julius Heimdal, Jan Erik Nilsen and Mårten Sandberg
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:3
  17. Early intramedullary nailing (IMN) of long bone fractures in severely injured patients has been evaluated as beneficial, but has also been associated with increased inflammation, multi organ failure (MOF) and ...

    Authors: Elisabeth E Husebye, Torstein Lyberg, Helge Opdahl, Trude Aspelin, Ragnhild Ø Støen, Jan Erik Madsen and Olav Røise
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:2
  18. Most patients with acute poisoning are treated as outpatients worldwide. In Oslo, these patients are treated in a physician-led outpatient clinic with limited diagnostic and treatment resources, which reduces ...

    Authors: Cathrine Lund, Odd M Vallersnes, Dag Jacobsen, Oivind Ekeberg and Knut E Hovda
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2012 20:1
  19. Using blood lactate monitoring for risk assessment in the critically ill patient remains controversial. Some of the discrepancy is due to uncertainty regarding the appropriate reference interval, and whether t...

    Authors: Ole Kruse, Niels Grunnet and Charlotte Barfod
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:74
  20. Single-pass, whole-body computed tomography (pan-scan) remains a controversial intervention in the early assessment of patients with major trauma. We hypothesized that a liberal pan-scan policy is mainly an in...

    Authors: Martin Hutter, Alexander Woltmann, Christian Hierholzer, Christian Gärtner, Volker Bühren and Dirk Stengel
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:73
  21. In Scandinavia, emergency department triage and patient flow processes, are under development. In Sweden, the triage development has resulted in two new triage scales, the Adaptive Process Triage and the Medic...

    Authors: Nasim Farrokhnia and Katarina E Göransson
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:72
  22. Physician-staffed pre-hospital units are employed in many Western emergency medical services (EMS) systems. Although these services usually integrate well within their EMS, little is known about the quality of...

    Authors: Andreas J Krüger, David Lockey, Jouni Kurola, Stefano Di Bartolomeo, Maaret Castrén, Søren Mikkelsen and Hans Morten Lossius
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:71
  23. Teamwork has been suggested as a promising approach to improving care processes in emergency departments (ED). However, for teamwork to yield expected results, implementation must involve behavior changes. The...

    Authors: Pamela Mazzocato, Helena Hvitfeldt Forsberg and Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:70
  24. Fluid resuscitation following burn injury must support organ perfusion with the least amount of fluid necessary and the least physiological cost. Under resuscitation may lead to organ failure and death. With a...

    Authors: Frederick W Endorf and David J Dries
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:69
  25. We evaluated the validity of the Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale (CTAS) in elderly emergency department (ED) patients. In particular, we examined the sensitivity and specificity of the CTAS for identifying el...

    Authors: Ju Young Lee, Sang Hoon Oh, Eun Hee Peck, Jung Min Lee, Kyu Nam Park, Soo Hyun Kim and Chun Song Youn
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:68
  26. Severely injured trauma patients are exposed to clinically significant radiation doses from computed tomography (CT) imaging in the emergency department. Moreover, this radiation exposure is associated with an...

    Authors: Soo Hyun Kim, Seung Eun Jung, Sang Hoon Oh, Kyu Nam Park and Chun Song Youn
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:67
  27. Esophageal perforation is a rare and potentially life-threatening condition. Early clinical suspicion and imaging is important for case management to achieve a good outcome. However, recent studies continue to...

    Authors: Jon Arne Søreide and Asgaut Viste
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:66
  28. Intraosseous (IO) access represents a reliable alternative to intravenous vascular access and is explicitly recommended in the current guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council when intravenous access i...

    Authors: Richard Schalk, Uwe Schweigkofler, Gösta Lotz, Kai Zacharowski, Leo Latasch and Christian Byhahn
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:65
  29. Severe injury induces an acute coagulopathy associated with increased mortality. This study compared the Thrombelastography (TEG) and biomarker profiles upon admission in trauma patients.

    Authors: Sisse R Ostrowski, Anne Marie Sørensen, Claus F Larsen and Pär I Johansson
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:64
  30. We report the case of a 28-year old rock climber who survived an "unsurvivable" injury consisting of a vertical free fall from 300 feet onto a solid rock surface. The trauma mechanism and injury kinetics are a...

    Authors: Sebastian Weckbach, Michael A Flierl, Michael Blei, Clay Cothren Burlew, Ernest E Moore and Philip F Stahel
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:63
  31. Trauma is a major - and increasing - cause of death, especially in low- and middle income countries. In all countries rural areas are especially hard hit, and the distribution of physicians is skewed towards c...

    Authors: Torben Wisborg, Thapelo R Montshiwa and Charles Mock
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:62
  32. Major trauma has been reported to be a major cause of hospitalization and intensive care utilization worldwide and consumes a significant amount of the health care budget. The aim of this study was to describe...

    Authors: Phillipo L Chalya, Japhet M Gilyoma, Ramesh M Dass, Mabula D Mchembe, Michael Matasha, Joseph B Mabula, Nkinda Mbelenge and William Mahalu
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:61
  33. Supraglottic airway devices have frequently been shown to facilitate airway management and are implemented in the ILCOR resuscitation algorithm. Limited data exists concerning laypersons without any medical or...

    Authors: Gereon Schälte, Christian Stoppe, Meral Aktas, Mark Coburn, Steffen Rex, Marlon Schwarz, Rolf Rossaint and Norbert Zoremba
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:60
  34. Prevention and treatment of hypothermia by active warming in prehospital trauma care is recommended but scientifical evidence of its effectiveness in a clinical setting is scarce. The objective of this study w...

    Authors: Peter Lundgren, Otto Henriksson, Peter Naredi and Ulf Björnstig
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:59
  35. Cardiac arrest affects 30-35, 000 hospitalised patients in the UK every year. For these patients to be given the best chance of survival, high quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) must be delivered, how...

    Authors: Gavin D Perkins, Robin P Davies, Sarah Quinton, Sarah Woolley, Fang Gao, Ben Abella, Nigel Stallard and Matthew W Cooke
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:58
  36. Physician-manned emergency medical teams supplement other emergency medical services in some countries. These teams are often selectively deployed to patients who are considered likely to require critical care...

    Authors: Espen Fevang, David Lockey, Julian Thompson and Hans Morten Lossius
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:57

    The Editorial to this article has been published in Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2018 26:101

  37. Airway management is of essential importance in emergency care. Training and skill retention of endotracheal intubation (ETI) - the technique considered as the "gold standard" -, poses a problem especially amo...

    Authors: Jouni Kurola, Heikki Paakkonen, Tapio Kettunen, Juha-Pekka Laakso, Jouko Gorski and Tom Silfvast
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:56
  38. Interruption in chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation can be characterized as no flow ratio (NFR) and the importance of minimizing these pauses in chest compression has been highlighted recen...

    Authors: Frederik Mondrup, Mikkel Brabrand, Lars Folkestad, Jakob Oxlund, Karsten R Wiborg, Niels P Sand and Torben Knudsen
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:55
  39. The treatment of trauma victims is a complex multi-professional task in a stressful environment. We previously found that trauma team members perceive leadership as the most important human factor. The aim of ...

    Authors: Amund Hovengen Ringen, Magnus Hjortdahl and Torben Wisborg
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:54
  40. Checklists are common in some medical fields, including surgery, intensive care and emergency medicine. They can be an effective tool to improve care processes and reduce mortality and morbidity. Despite the s...

    Authors: Øyvind Thomassen, Ansgar Espeland, Eirik Søfteland, Hans Morten Lossius, Jon Kenneth Heltne and Guttorm Brattebø
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:53
  41. Exsanguination due to uncontrolled bleeding is the leading cause of potentially preventable deaths among trauma patients. About one third of trauma patients present with coagulopathy on admission, which is ass...

    Authors: Kristin B Nystrup, Nis A Windeløv, Annemarie B Thomsen and Pär I Johansson
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:52
  42. Temporary abdominal closure (TAC) is included in most published damage control (DC) and abdominal compartment (ACS) protocols. TAC is associated with a range of complications and the optimal method remains to ...

    Authors: Sigrid Groven, Pål A Næss, Erik Trondsen and Christine Gaarder
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:51
  43. The early use of reperfusion therapy has a significant effect on the prognosis of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and it is recommended that emergency department (ED) physicia...

    Authors: Soo Hyun Kim, Sang Hoon Oh, Seung Pill Choi, Kyu Nam Park, Young Min Kim and Chun Song Youn
    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2011 19:50

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