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  1. For healthcare providers in the prehospital setting, bag-valve mask (BVM) ventilation could be as efficacious and safe as endotracheal intubation. To facilitate the evaluation of efficacious ventilation, capno...

    Authors: Veronica Lindström, Christer H Svensen, Patrik Meissl, Birgitta Tureson and Maaret Castrén

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:49

    Content type: Original research

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  2. The two major complications of atherosclerosis are acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and acute ischemic stroke. Both are life-threatening conditions characterised by the abrupt cessation of blood flow to respe...

    Authors: Johan Herlitz, Birgitta WireklintSundström, Angela Bång, Annika Berglund, Leif Svensson and Christian Blomstrand

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:48

    Content type: Review

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  3. Non-technical skills are seen as an important contributor to reducing adverse events and improving medical management in healthcare teams. Previous research on the effectiveness of teams has suggested that sha...

    Authors: Heidi Kristina Westli, Bjørn Helge Johnsen, Jarle Eid, Ingvil Rasten and Guttorm Brattebø

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:47

    Content type: Original research

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  4. Our American College of Surgeons Level 1 Trauma Center serves a rural population. As a result, there is a unique set of accidents that are not present in an urban environment such as deer related motor vehicle...

    Authors: Dustin L Smoot, Martin D Zielinski, Daniel C Cullinane, Donald H Jenkins, Henry J Schiller and Mark D Sawyer

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:46

    Content type: Original research

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  5. The use of lung ultrasound (LUS) in ICU is increasing but ultrasonographic patterns of lung are often difficult to quantify by different operators. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and qualit...

    Authors: Lorenzo Tutino, Giovanni Cianchi, Francesco Barbani, Stefano Batacchi, Rita Cammelli and Adriano Peris

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:44

    Content type: Original research

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  6. Guidelines recommend that all health care professionals should be able to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), including the use of an automated external defibrillator. Theoretical knowledge of CPR is ...

    Authors: Marie-Louise Södersved Källestedt, Andreas Rosenblad, Jerzy Leppert, Johan Herlitz and Mats Enlund

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:43

    Content type: Original research

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  7. Time to first defibrillation is widely accepted to correlate closely with survival and recovery of neurological function after cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia. Focused...

    Authors: John A Stewart

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:42

    Content type: Commentary

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  8. The supraceliac aortic cross-clamping can be an option to save patients with hipovolemic shock due to abdominal trauma. However, this maneuver is associated with ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury strongly rela...

    Authors: José G Ciscato Junior, Verena K Capellini, Andrea C Celotto, Caroline F Baldo, Edwaldo E Joviliano, Paulo RB Evora, Marcelo B Dalio and Carlos E Piccinato

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:41

    Content type: Original research

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  9. There is a general decline in penetrating abdominal trauma throughout the western world. As a result of that, there is a significant loss of expertise in dealing with this type of injury particularly when the ...

    Authors: Tugba H Yilmaz, Brown C Ndofor, Martin D Smith and Elias Degiannis

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:40

    Content type: Commentary

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  10. Ultrasound guidance during central line insertion has significantly reduced complications associated with this procedure and has led to it being incorporated as standard of care in many institutions. However, ...

    Authors: Lawrence M Gillman, Michael Blaivas, Jason Lord, Azzam Al-Kadi and Andrew W Kirkpatrick

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:39

    Content type: Original research

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  11. Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome (SCLS) is a rare disorder characterized by increased capillary hyperpermeability leading to hypovolemic shock due to a markedly increased shift of fluid and protein from the in...

    Authors: Bernd Saugel, Andreas Umgelter, Friedrich Martin, Veit Phillip, Roland M Schmid and Wolfgang Huber

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:38

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Intraosseous infusion (IOI) is recommended when intravenous access cannot be readily established in both pediatric and adult resuscitation. We evaluated the current use of IOI in Danish emergency departments (...

    Authors: Rune Molin, Peter Hallas, Mikkel Brabrand and Thomas Andersen Schmidt

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:37

    Content type: Original research

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  13. We report the case of a 16 year old male who was the victim of a drive by shooting sustaining the rare but recognised complication of cardiovascular bullet embolism. He was seen as a trauma call in the emergen...

    Authors: Nicholas Greaves

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:36

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Gun violence is on the rise in some European countries, however most of the literature on gunshot injuries pertains to military weaponry and is difficult to apply to civilians, due to dissimilarities in wound ...

    Authors: Philipp Lichte, Reiner Oberbeck, Marcel Binnebösel, Rene Wildenauer, Hans-Christoph Pape and Philipp Kobbe

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:35

    Content type: Review

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  15. Metabolic changes after major trauma have a complex underlying pathophysiology. The early posttraumatic stress response is associated with a state of hyperinflammation, with increased oxygen consumption and en...

    Authors: Philip F Stahel, Michael A Flierl and Ernest E Moore

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:34

    Content type: Commentary

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  16. Damage of laryngeal mask airway and other supraglottic airway devices has always been a matter of concern. Although manufacturer recommends maximum 40 uses of LMA (and its congeners) but damage before 40 uses ...

    Authors: Manpreet Singh, Ritu Bharti and Dheeraj Kapoor

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:33

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  17. Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and carbon monoxide (CO) may be important components of smoke from fire accidents. Accordingly, patients admitted to hospital from fire accidents may have been exposed to both HCN and CO...

    Authors: Pia Lawson-Smith, Erik C Jansen, Linda Hilsted and Ole Hyldegaard

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:32

    Content type: Original research

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  18. Immediate defibrillation is the decisive determinant of prognosis in patients suffering from cardiac/circulatory arrest caused by ventricular fibrillation (VF). Therefore, various national and international as...

    Authors: Christoph Hanefeld

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:31

    Content type: Original research

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  19. Anaesthesiologists are airway management experts, which is one of the reasons why they serve as pre-hospital emergency physicians in many countries. However, limited data are available on the actual quality an...

    Authors: Stephen JM Sollid, Hans Morten Lossius and Eldar Søreide

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:30

    Content type: Original research

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  20. Fluids are often given liberally after the return of spontaneous circulation. However, the optimal fluid regimen in survivors of cardiac arrest is unknown. Recent studies indicate an increased fluid requiremen...

    Authors: Bård E Heradstveit, Anne Berit Guttormsen, Jørund Langørgen, Stig-Morten Hammersborg, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Rune Fanebust, Elna-Marie Larsson and Jon-Kenneth Heltne

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:29

    Content type: Original research

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  21. Extracorporeal Life Support (ECLS) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) have been indicated as treatment for acute respiratory and/or cardiac failure. Here we describe our first year experience of in...

    Authors: Adriano Peris, Giovanni Cianchi, Simona Biondi, Manuela Bonizzoli, Andrea Pasquini, Massimo Bonacchi, Marco Ciapetti, Giovanni Zagli, Simona Bacci, Chiara Lazzeri, Pasquale Bernardo, Erminia Mascitelli, Guido Sani and Gian Franco Gensini

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:28

    Content type: Original research

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  22. An interpretation of the metabolic response to injury in patients with severe accidental or surgical trauma is made. In the last century, various authors attributed a meaning to the post-traumatic inflammatory...

    Authors: Maria-Angeles Aller, Jose-Ignacio Arias, Alfredo Alonso-Poza and Jaime Arias

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:27

    Content type: Review

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  23. Increasing age and significant pre-existing medical conditions (PMCs) are independent risk factors associated with increased mortality after trauma. Our aim was to review all trauma deaths, identifying the cau...

    Authors: Nicholas D Clement, Carole Tennant and Cyrus Muwanga

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:26

    Content type: Original research

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  24. Training of lay first responder personnel situated closer to the potential victims than medical professionals is a strategy potentially capable of shortening the interval between collapse and start of cardiopu...

    Authors: Sverre Rørtveit and Eivind Meland

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:25

    Content type: Original research

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  25. Despite significant medical advances and improvement in overall mortality rate following burn injury, the treatment of patients with extensive burns remains a major challenge for intensivists. We present a stu...

    Authors: Vittorio Pavoni, Lara Gianesello, Laura Paparella, Laura Tadini Buoninsegni and Elisabetta Barboni

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:24

    Content type: Original research

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  26. Microgrants are a novel concept where small grants are used to facilitate research. The concept might have a place in developing emergency medicine research, especially in countries where emergency medicine is...

    Authors: Peter Hallas, Mikkel Brabrand and Lars Folkestad

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:23

    Content type: Commentary

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  27. Endotracheal intubation (ETI) has been considered an essential part of pre-hospital advanced life support. Pre-hospital ETI, however, is a complex intervention also for airway specialist like anaesthesiologist...

    Authors: Stephen JM Sollid, Hans Morten Lossius, Anders R Nakstad, Terje Aven and Eldar Søreide

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:22

    Content type: Original research

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  28. To ensure the rapid and correct triage of patients in potential need of specialized treatment, Norwegian hospitals are expected to establish trauma teams with predefined criteria for their activation. The obje...

    Authors: Kristin T Larsen, Oddvar Uleberg and Eirik Skogvoll

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:21

    Content type: Original research

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  29. Initiated by a clinical case of critical endotracheal tube (ETT) obstruction, we aimed to determine factors that potentially contribute to the development of endotracheal tube obstruction by its inflated cuff....

    Authors: Christian Hofstetter, Bertram Scheller, Sandra Hoegl, Martin G Mack, Bernhard Zwissler and Christian Byhahn

    Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2010 18:18

    Content type: Original research

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