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Table 2 Performance of trepanation taking into account required material and personnel in regional and local trauma centers

From: Preparation of hospitals for mass casualty incidents in Bavaria, Germany: care capacities for penetrating injuries and explosions in TerrorMASCALs

  RTC LTC
Yes No Yes No
Performance of trepanation 23/28 (82%) 5/28 (18%) 17/39 (44%) 22/39 (56%)
Material stocking     
 Yes 23/28 (82%) 4/28 (14%) 17/39 (44%) 9/39 (23%)
 No   1/28 (4%)   13/39 (33%)
Personnel performing a trepanation independently     
 Yes 21/28 (75%) 4/28 (14%) 17/39 (44%) 11/39 (28%)
 No 2/28 (7%) 1/28 (4%)   11/39 (28%)
Specialization of individuals performing trepanation     
 NS 10/28 (36%) 3/28 (11%) 3/39 (8%) 1/39 (3%)
 NS + TS 8/28 (29%) 1/28 (4%) 7/39 (18%) 1/39 (3%)
 NS + TS + other 1/28 (4%)    
 TS 4/28 (14%)   7/39 (18%) 8/39 (21%)
 TS + other     1/39 (3%)
Personnel workability     
 Within* 23/28 (82%) 4/28 (14%) 16/38 (42%) 11/39 (28%)
 Outside of* 23/28 (82%) 3/28 (11%) 16/38 (42%) 11/39 (28%)
  1. RTC regional trauma center, LTC local trauma center, NS neurosurgery, TS trauma surgery
  2. *Regular working hours