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Table 3 Health-related quality of life and the EQ-5D-5L domains across study years, N=109

From: A retrospective survey study of paramedic students’ exposure to SARS-CoV-2, participation in the COVID-19 pandemic response, and health-related quality of life

  First-year students Second-year students Third- year students
Mean SD Missing Mean SD Missing Mean SD Missing
Health-related quality of life          
EQvas 79.7 (12.8) 0 83.1 (11.4) 0 88.4 (9.8) 0
EQvalue 0.9 (0.15) 0 0.92 (0.099) 0 0.96 (0.07) 1
EQ-5D-5L dimensions n %   n %   n %  
MOBILITY          
No problem 40 (90.9) 0 43 (97.7) 0 21 (95.5) 1
Slight problem 2 (4.5)   1 (2.3)   1 (4.5)  
SELFCARE          
No problem 42 (100) 0 42 (100) 0 23 (100) 0
Slight problems 0 (0)   1 (2.4)   0 (0)  
Moderate problems 0 (0)   1 (2.4)   0 (0)  
USUAL ACTIVITES          
No problem 31 (73.8) 0 37 (84.1) 0 33 (78.6) 0
Slight problem 7 (16.7)   4 (9.1)   7 (30.4)  
Moderate Problems 3 (7.1)   2 (4.5)   1 (4.3)  
Severe problems 1 (2.4)   1 (2.3)   1 (4.3)  
PAIN OR DISCOMFORT          
No problem 33 (78.6) 0 39 (88.6) 0 21 (91.3) 0
Slight problems 7 (16.7)   5 (11.4)   2 (8.7)  
Moderate Problems 1 (2.4)   0 (0.0)   0 (0.0)  
Extreme problems 1 (2.4)   0 (0.0)   0 (0.0)  
ANXIETY OR DEPRESSION          
No problem 28 (66.7) 0 28 (63.6) 0 19 (82.6) 0
Slight problems 13 (31.0)   14 (31.8)   4 (17.4)  
Moderateproblems 1 (2.4)   2 (4.5)   0 (0.0)  
Extreme problems 0 (0.0)   0 (0.0)   0 (0.0)