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Table 1 Characteristics of cardiac arrest in OHCA-ECPR patients

From: Reliability of prognostic biomarkers after prehospital extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation with target temperature management

  CPC 1–2 survivors CPC 3–4 survivors Non-survivors
Cause of cardiac arrest    
Cardiac 16/17 (94%) 3/4 (75%) 27/42 (64%)
Acute myocardial infarction 7/17 (41%) 2/4 (50%) 23/42
Rhythmogenic event 8/17 (47%) 1/4 (25%) 4/42
Tako Tsubo Cardiomyopathia 1/17 (6%) Non Non
Non-cardiac 1/17 (6%) 1/4 (25%) 15/42 (36%)
Hypoxia Caused by 1/1 (100%) Non 8/42 (20%)
 Intoxication 1/1 Non 2/42
 Drowning Non Non 6/42
Acute pulmonary embolism Non 1/4 (25%) 7/42 (16%)
Median low-flow time in minutes (25th/75th percentile) 40 (30; 47) 56 (27; 64) 49 (38; 64)
Type of CPR until EPCR    
Manual chest compression 13/17 (76%) 2/4 (50%) 16/42 (38%)
Mechanical resuscitation device 4/17 (24%) 2/4 (50%) 26/42 (62%)
Mortality of OHCA-ECPR    
Cardiac origin 27/46 (59%)   
Non-cardiac origin 15/17 (88%)   
Cause of death in non-survivors    
Hemodynamic 4/42 (10%)   
Neurological (withdrawal of Life-sustaining therapy in case of cerebral hypoxia) 36/42 (85%)   
Intracerebral bleeding 2/42 (5%)   
  1. Data are presented as absolute count per group / total number of all groups (percentage of the total number). Low-flow time is presented in median and 25th/75th percentiles