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Table 1 Item-scale correlations, inter-rater reliabilities (IRR) measured using intraclass correlation (ICC), % of lowest and highest values to indicate floor and ceiling effects, and p values of the Kruskal–Wallis test

From: The TEAM instrument for measuring emergency team performance: validation of the Swedish version at two emergency departments

Item Cronbach’s alpha Item-scale correlation IRR (ICC) Floor (%) Ceiling (%) Kruskal–Wallis test
1. The team leader let the team know what was expected of them through direction and command 0.79 0.77 0.88 15.4 17.9 0.048*
2. The team leader maintained a global perspective
Prompts: monitoring clinical procedures and the environment? Remaining ‘hands off’ as applicable? Appropriate delegation
0.86 0.83 0.67 2.6 41.0 0.035*
3. The team communicated effectively
Prompts: verbal, non-verbal and written forms of communication?
0.87 0.89 0.77 3.8 15.4 0.017*
4. The team worked together to complete the tasks in a timely manner 0.87 0.86 0.59 1.3 33.3 0.037*
5. The team acted with composure and control
Prompts: applicable emotions? Conflict management issues?
0.84 0.76 0.62 0.0 70.5 0.089
6. The team morale was positive
Prompts: appropriate support, confidence, spirit, optimism, determination?
0.86 0.83 0.69 1.3 55.1 0.088
7. The team adapted to changing situations
Prompts: adaptation within the roles of their profession?
Situation changes: patient deterioration? Team changes?
0.80 0.70 0.76 2.4 22.0 0.349
8. The team monitored and reassessed the situation 0.85 0.83 0.52 3.9 29.9 0.284
9. The team anticipated potential actions
Prompts: preparation of defibrillator, drugs, airway equipment?
0.86 0.86 0.52 6.5 31.2 0.081
10. The team prioritised tasks 0.81 0.80 0.60 7.7 28.2 0.018*
11. The team followed approved standards and guidelines
Prompt: some deviation may be appropriate?
0.93 0.89 0.60 6.5 31.2 0.022*
12. On a scale of 1–10 give your global rating of the team’s performance 0.94 0.83 1.3 3.9 0.012*
  1. P values of < 0.05 are marked with a *. The items are presented in English for readability