Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographics of the total cohort prior to subgrouping based on beta-blocker exposure

From: Beta-blockade is not associated with improved outcomes in isolated severe extracranial injury: an observational cohort study

Variable Total cohort (n = 698)
Beta-blocker therapy, % (n) 10.5 (73)
Age, mean [SD] years 46.0 [19.4]
Male sex, % (n) 79.4 (554)
GCS > 8, % (n) 86.2 (602)
SBP < 90 mmHg, % (n) 12.3 (86)
Penetrating injury, % (n) 11.5 (80)
ISS, mean [SD] 24.6 [10.6]
ISS, median [IQR] 21 [17–27]
ISS 16–24, % (n) 63.9 (446)
ISS 25–49, % (n) 32.2 (225)
ISS 50–74% (n) 2.0 (14)
ISS 75, % (n) 1.9 (13)
CCI, mean [SD] 1.1 (1.7)
CCI, median [IQR] 0 (0–2)
Surgery required, % (n) 73.9 (516)
  1. SD, standard deviation; IQR, interquartile range; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; SBP, Systolic Blood Pressure; ISS, Injury Severity Score; CCI, Charlson Comorbidity Index