Skip to main content

Table 2 Injuries and their respective management during the non-COVID and COVID-19 period

From: Trauma care during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Netherlands: a level 1 trauma multicenter cohort study

  Non-COVID (n = 2423) COVID-19 (n = 1531) p value
Number of injuries, n (%)    0.781
 Isolated injuries) 2115(87.4%) 1324 (86.7%)  
 Multiple injuries 234 (9.7%) 158 (10.3%)  
 Admitted without injuries* 70 (2.9%) 45 (2.9%)  
ISS scores after HET 12.0 17.3 0.006
Polytrauma (ISS ≥ 16), n (%**) 40 (17.1%) 45 (28.5%) 0.009
Injury region and management    
 Head, n (% of total) 174 (7.2%) 150 (9.8%) 0.002
 Nonoperative, n (%) 163 (94.2%) 139 (93.9%) 0.552
 Face, n (% of total) 120 (5.0%) 99 (6.5%) 0.026
 Operative, n (%) 11 (9.2%) 20 (20.2%) 0.016
 Neck, n (% of total) 13 (0.5%) 19 (1.2%) 0.014
 Nonoperative, n (%) 11 (84.6%) 17 (89.5%) 0.542
 Thorax, n (% of total) 152 (6.3%) 103 (6.7%) 0.307
 Nonoperative, n (%) 141 (92.8%) 97 (94.2%) 0.431
 Abdomen, n (% of total) 32 (1.3%) 33 (2.2%) 0.031
 Conservative, n (%) 16 (50.0%) 23 (69.7%) 0.086
 Spine, n (% of total) 88 (3.6%) 51 (3.3%) 0.342
 Nonoperative, n (%) 80 (90.9%) 43(84.3%) 0.184
 Upper extremity, n (% of total) 1188 (49.0%) 779 (50.9%) 0.267
 Operative, n (%) 148 (12.5%) 138 (17.6%) 0.002
 Lower extremity, n (% of total) 874 (36.1%) 512 (33.4%) 0.095
 Operative, n (%) 201 (23.0%) 157 (30.7%) 0.002
 Skin, n (% of total) 55 (2.3%) 18 (1.2%) 0.008
 Operative, n (%) 5 (9.1%) 3 (17.6%) 0.281
Surgery    
 Surgery performed, n (%) 402 (16.6%) 327 (21.4%)  < 0.001
 Total number of surgeries, n 439 388 -
 Multiple surgeries, n (%) 30 (2.3%) 36 (3.1%) 0.158
 Days till surgery, days (± std) 3.7 (± 5.1) 2.6 (± 4.0) 0.001
 Delayed surgery (> 48 h.), n (%) 153 (12.1%) 94 (8.5%) 0.002
Admission for injuries 582 (24.0%) 474 (31.0%)  < 0.001
Hospital stay, days 6.0 (± 8.5) 5.1 (± 7.0) 0.054
Outpatient follow-up, n (%) 1885 (79.1%) 1167 (78.0%) 0.221
 Physical follow-up, n (%) 1854 (76.5%) 880 (57.5%)  < 0.001
  1. n (%) number of patients and proportion of number in percentage, n (% of total) number of patients and percentage of injuries treated operatively or nonoperatively as a percentage of total, hrs. hours, std standard deviation
  2. *Patients admitted to a ward after a HET of social indications without obvious injuries
  3. **As a percentage of patients sustaining multiple injuries