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Table 3 Expected and observed drug dispensing in trauma patients

From: Pre-injury dispensing of psychoactive prescription drugs in a ten years trauma population: a retrospective registry analysis

  Female Male
Expected Observed Ratio observed: expected (95% CI) Expected Observed Ratio observed: expected (95% CI)
Opioids 432 659 1.5 (1.4–1.6) 803 1194 1.5 (1.4–1.6)
Benzodiazepines 312 554 1.8 (1.6–1.9) 394 898 2.3 (2.1–2.4)
Z-hypnotics 371 614 1.7 (1.5–1.8) 442 748 1.7 (1.6–1.8)
Gabapentinoids 31 60 1.9 (1.4–2.4) 49 93 1.9 (1.5–2.3)
Centrally acting sympathomimetics 16 44 2.8 (1.9–3.6) 67 115 1.7 (1.4-2.0)
Selective β2
adrenoceptor agonists
206 249 1.2 (1.1–1.4) 396 449 1.1 (1.0-1.2)
Desloratadine 103 91 0.9 (0.7–1.1) 197 148 0.8 (0.6–0.9)
  1. Expected and observed drug dispensing in trauma patients one year pre-injury. Ratios are stated with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Expected values were calculated based on data from the Norwegian Prescription Database