Skip to main content

Table 4 Outcome according to BAL

From: Alcohol and trauma: the influence of blood alcohol levels on the severity of injuries and outcome of trauma patients - a retrospective analysis of 6268 patients of the TraumaRegister DGU®

   BAL negative BAL positive p-value
Mechanical ventilation (days) Median (IQR) 0 (0–3) 0 (0–2) .13
LOS on ICU (days) Median (IQR) 3 (1–9) 2 (1–8) .23
LOS in hospital (days) Median (IQR) 13 (7–23) 12 (6–23) .026
Mortality (24 h) n (%) 266 (5.0%) 33 (4.0%) .19
Mortality (in hospital) n (%) 654 (12.4%) 88 (10.6%) .14
95% CI for Mortality   [11.5–13.3] [8.5–12.7]  
RISC II Prognose   11.7% 10.8% .97
Subgroup TBI n 2092 405  
ISS Mean (SD) 27 (13) 24 (12) <.001
Isolated TBI n (%) 653 (31.2%) 173 (42.7%) <.001
Mortality (in hospital) n (%) 509 (24.3%) 68 (16.8%) .001
95% CI for mortality   [22.5–26.2] [13.1–20.4]  
RISC II prognosis Mean 23.9% 18.7% <.001
  1. LOS, Length of stay. ICU, Intensive Care Unit; TBI, Traumatic brain injury; CI Confidence Interval