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Table 2 Comparison between unstable and stable patients who underwent transcatheter arterial embolization

From: Transcatheter arterial embolization for severe blunt liver injury in hemodynamically unstable patients: a 15-year retrospective study

  Stable (n = 39) Unstablea (n = 15) P value
Mean age (IQR) 35 (20–56) 24 (17–32) 0.08
Sex, (M/F) 30/9 12/3 0.81
Mechanism, n(%)    0.34
 trafic accident 34 (87%) 12 (80%)  
 fall 4 (10%) 1 (7%)  
 compression 1 (3%) 2 (13%)  
AAST grade of liber injury, n(%)   0.05
 gradeIII 27 (69%) 6 (40%)  
 grade IV 11 (28%) 7 (47%)  
 grade V 1 (3%) 2 (13%)  
sBP on arrival (mean) 133.0 ± 3.9 107.3 ± 6.3 < 0.01
sBP on IR/Op room (mean) 143.6 ± 4.0 111.9 ± 6.4 < 0.01
RR on arrival (meanl) 24.8 ± 1.0 26.4 ± 1.6 0.4
GCS on arrival (median, IQR) 15 (14–15) 14 (9–15) 0.11
Base Excess on arrical (mean) −1.6 ± 0.5 −4.9 ± 0.9 < 0.01
Fibrinogen on arrival (mean) 257.9 ± 16.9 209.1 ± 28.3 0.14
ISS (mean) 21.5 ± 1.8 33.9 ± 2.8 < 0.01
TRISS (median, IQR) 0.98 (0.9–0.99) 0.91 (0.78–0.98) 0.02
Time from Door to start TAE 44.1 ± 4.7 53.3 ± 7.8 0.32
Time for TAE 53.8 ± 4.7 48.7 ± 8.2 0.6
In-hospital mortality 2 (5%) 1 (7%) 0.83
Duration of ICU (median, IQR) 4 (3–7) 8 (5–21) < 0.01
Length of stay (median, IQR) 21 (14–31) 42 (31–67) < 0.01
Transfusion within first24h
 Units RBC (median, IQR) 0 (0–0) 10 (0–12) < 0.01
 Units FFP (median, IQR) 0 (0–6) 12 (2–21) < 0.01
 Units Plt (median, IQR) 0 (0–0) 0 (0–20) 0.19
Massive transfusionb 4 (10%) 8 (53%) < 0.01
Overall complication 21 8 0.83
Biloma 7 (18%) 5 (33%) 0.24
Hepatic ischemia 7 (18%) 0 (0%) 0.03
Psuedoaneurysm 2 (5%) 1 (7%) 0.83
Gallbladder necrosis 0 (0%) 1 (7%) 0.11
AP shunt 5 (13%) 0 (0%) 0.06
Rebleeding 0 (0%) 1 (7%) 0.11
Clinical failure 0 (0%) 1 (7%) 0.11
  1. aUnstable: A shock index > 1, despite initial infusion therapy, was defined as hemodynamic instability
  2. bMassive transfusion: ≥ 10 units of red blood cells