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Table 1 Study characteristics

From: Randomised controlled trials in pre-hospital trauma: a systematic mapping review

Study ID Country Sample size Type of trauma Intervention Outcome of interest Exemption from informed consent (EFIC) consultation reported
Turner 2000 [17] England 1309 Penetrating and blunt trauma Fluid therapy Mortality Not reported
Kober 2001 [34] Austria 100 Minor trauma Temperature management Patient satisfaction; pain, discomfort and anxiety Not reported
Vergnion 2001 [24] Belgium 101 Not specified Analgesia Pain Not reported
Kober 2002 [25] Austria 60 Minor trauma Analgesia Pain and anxiety Not reported
Helm 2003 [37] Germany 97 Not specified Airway management/ventilation PaCO2 values as a marker of the adequacy of ventilation Not reported
Cooper 2004 [18] Australia 229 Blunt trauma Fluid therapy Recovery after brain injury Not reported
ID27265 2006 [26] Germany 136 Blunt trauma Analgesia Pain Not reported
Bulger 2008 [19] United States 209 Blunt trauma Fluid therapy Incidence of ARDS Community notification and consultation were undertaken before the study.
Moore 2009 [31] United States 714 Not specified Blood product Mortality Exempt from informed consent stated - no consultation reported.
Bernard 2010 [38] Australia 312 Penetrating and blunt trauma Airway management/ventilation Recovery after brain injury Not reported
Bounes 2010 [27] France 108 Not specified Analgesia Pain Not reported
Bulger 2010 [20] United States and Canada 1331 Blunt trauma Fluid therapy Recovery after brain injury Community notification and consultation were undertaken before the study
Jousi 2010 [21] Finland 37 Penetrating and blunt trauma Fluid therapy Blood pressure Not reported
Bulger 2011 [22] United States and Canada 895 Penetrating and blunt trauma Fluid therapy Mortality Community notification and consultation were undertaken before the study
Lundgren 2011 [35] Sweden 48 Blunt trauma Temperature management Body core temperature, cold discomfort and vital signs Not reported
Jennings 2012 [28] Australia 135 Not specified Analgesia Pain Not reported
Ducasse 2013 [29] France 60 Not specified Analgesia Pain Not reported
Garner 2015 [39] Australia 3124 Blunt trauma Model of care Recovery after brain injury Not reported
Schreiber 2015 [23] United States and Canada 192 Penetrating and blunt trauma Fluid therapy Early crystalloid volume; mortality Exempt from informed consent stated - no consultation reported.
Büttner 2018 [30] Germany 30 Not specified Analgesia Pain Not reported
Cooper 2018 [36] Australia, New Zealand, France, Switzerland, Saudi Arabia and Qatar 511 Not specified Temperature management Recovery after brain injury Not reported
Moore 2018 [32] United States 144 Not specified Blood product Mortality Community notification and consultation were undertaken before the study
Sperry 2018 [33] United States 523 Penetrating and blunt trauma Blood product Mortality Community notification and consultation were undertaken before the study
  1. GOSE Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended, ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndrome