Skip to main content

Table 2 Advanced interventions performed in the patient cohort stratified by dispatch

From: Helicopter emergency medical service dispatch in older trauma: time to reconsider the trigger?

  Total Immediate Interrogate Crew Request P value
n [%] n [%] n [%] n [%]
Patients 1321 [100] 423 [32.0] 575 [43.5] 323 [24.5]  
PHEA 260 [19.7] 93 [22.0] 81 [14.1] 86 [26.6] .001
PRBC 97 [7.3] 55 [13] 30 [5.2] 12 [3.7] .001
FDP 92 [7.0] 54 [12.8] 24 [4.1] 14 [4.3] .001
Thoracotomy 4 [0.3] 2 [0.5] 2 [0.4] 0 [0] .334*
Thoracostomy 178 [13.44] 119 [28.1] 39 [6.7] 20 [6.1] .001
Antibiotic therapy 86 [6.5] 20 [44.7] 46 [8] 20 [6.1] .153
USS 490 [37.0] 183 [43.3] 200 [34.8] 107 [33.1] .009
Anticoagulant reversal 28 [2.1] 10 [2.3] 7 [1.2] 11 [3.4] .083
Fentanyl 114 [8.6] 38 [8.9] 53 [9.2] 23 [7.1] .535
Ketamine 127 [9.6] 38 [8.9] 55 [9.6] 34 [10.5] .777
Morphine 238 [18.0] 55 [13] 109 [18.9] 74 [22.9] .002
Hypertonic saline 5% 76 [5.7] 23 [5.4] 27 [4.7] 26 [8.0] .111
Chest drain 7 [0.5] 1 [0.2] 3 [0.5] 3 [0.9] .77*
  1. PHEA Prehospital emergency anaesthesia, PRBC Packed red blood cells, FDP Freeze dried plasma, USS Ultrasound sonography. *Fisher-exact test