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Table 2 Final diagnoses and the proportion of presumptive diagnoses in agreement with final diagnoses at 4 h

From: Point-of-care ultrasound of the heart and lungs in patients with respiratory failure: a pragmatic randomized controlled multicenter trial

  Diagnoses in the intervention group (n = 106) Diagnoses in the control group (n = 105)
Final diagnoses, n (%). Number of 4 h presumptive diagnoses in agreement with final diagnoses, n (%). Final diagnoses, n (%). Number of 4 h presumptive diagnoses in agreement with final diagnoses, n (%).
Lungs
 Exacerbation of COPD 27 (25%) 24 (89%) 28 (27%) 21 (75%)
 Asthma with exacerbation 2 (2%) 0 3 (3%) 2 (67%)
 Exacerbation in ILD 3 (3%) 1 (33%) 5 (5%) 0
 Pneumonia 26 (25%) 23 (88%) 34 (32%) 30 (88%)
 Pulmonary edema 17 (16%) 9 (53%) 6 (6%) 2 (33%)
 Parapneumonic effusion 14 (13%) 10 (77%) 14 (13%) 5 (38%)
 Empyema 1 (1%) 0 0 0
 Pulmonary embolism 3 (3%) 3 (100%) 2 (2%) 2 (100%)
 Pneumothorax 0 0 1 (1%) 1 (100%)
Heart
 Systolic heart failure 17 (16%) 13 (76%) 22 (21%) 13 (62%)
 Non-systolic heart failure 5 (5%) 3 (60%) 1 (1%) 1 (100%)
 Acute myocardial infarction 1 (1%) 0 2 (2%) 1 (50%)
Miscellaneous
 Anemia 5 (5%) 1 (20%) 6 (6%) 0
 Malignancy 8 (8%) 2 (25%) 19 (18%) 5 (26%)
 No diagnostic criteria met 33 (31%) 19 (58%) 35 (33%) 21 (60%)
  1. Intention to treat population
  2. Abbreviations: n number of patients, COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ILD interstitial lung disease