Skip to main content

Table 2 Results of quality assessment of included studies using the Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP) tool

From: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training strategies in the times of COVID-19: a systematic literature review comparing different training methodologies

First Author, Country, and Year Selection Bias Study Design Confounders Blinding Data Collection Methods Withdrawal and Dropouts Global Rating
Standard versus Non-standard Face to Face CPR Training
 Ko RJM
Singapore, 2018
Strong Strong Strong Moderate Strong Moderate Strong
 Beck S
Germany, 2015
Strong Strong Strong Weak Moderate Moderate Moderate
 Charlier N
Belgium, 2016
Moderate Strong Strong Weak Strong Moderate Moderate
 Rossler B
Austria, 2013
Strong Strong Strong Weak Moderate Moderate Moderate
 Chamberlain D
UK, 2001
Strong Strong Strong Weak Moderate Moderate Moderate
 Choi HS
Korea, 2015
Strong Moderate Strong Moderate Weak Moderate Moderate
Standard versus Hybrid CPR Training
 Nakanishi T
Japan, 2017
Moderate Moderate Strong Strong Moderate Strong Strong
 Heard DG
USA, 2019
Strong Strong Strong Weak Moderate Moderate Moderate
 Reder S
USA, 2006
Strong Strong Strong Weak Moderate Moderate Moderate
Standard versus Online CPR Training
 Todd KH
USA, 1998
Moderate Strong Strong Moderate Moderate Moderate Strong
 Rehberg RS
USA, 2009
Moderate Strong Strong Weak Strong Moderate Moderate
 Beskind DL
USA, 2016
Strong Strong Strong Weak Strong Moderate Moderate
 Todd KH
USA, 1999
Moderate Strong Strong Moderate Strong Moderate Strong
 Ahn JY
Korea, 2011
Strong Moderate Strong Moderate Moderate Moderate Strong
 Kardong-Edgren SE
USA, 2010
Moderate Moderate Strong Weak Strong Moderate Moderate
 Diez N
Spain, 2013
Moderate Strong Strong Strong Strong Moderate Strong
 Ali S
India, 2019
Moderate Strong Strong Moderate Strong Strong Strong
 Isbye DL
Denmark, 2006
Strong Moderate Strong Strong Strong Strong Strong
 Nas J
Netherland, 2020
Strong Strong Strong Strong Strong Strong Strong
 Einspruch EL
USA, 2007
Strong Strong Strong Strong Strong Strong Strong