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Table 2 Risk on adverse outcomes at 3 and 12 months in older patients with fall-related ED visits depending on fall characteristics and geriatric screening result

From: Geriatric screening, fall characteristics and 3- and 12 months adverse outcomes in older patients visiting the emergency department with a fall

  Riska Risk independent of high risk geriatric screening resultb
3 months 12 months 3 months 12 months
Cause of fall
 Extrinsic fall (n = 195) ref ref ref ref
 Intrinsic fall (n = 115) 2.28 (1.37–3.81) 1.46 (0.88–2.42) 1.92 (1.13–3.26) 1.21 (0.71–2.06)
 Unexplained fall (n = 25) 2.41 (1.00–5.82) 1.34 (0.55–3.28) 2.29 (0.94–5.57) 1.28 (0.52–3.18)
Location of fall
 Outdoors (n = 123) ref ref ref ref
 Indoors (n = 195) 2.39 (1.39–4.11) 2.01 (1.19–3.41) 2.14 (1.22–3.74) 1.78 (1.03–3.10)
  1. Multivariable logistic regression analyses for the composite outcome of functional decline and/or mortality. Numbers represent Odds Ratios with 95% Confidence Intervals
  2. aModel adjusted for age and sex
  3. bModel adjusted for age, sex and high risk geriatric screening result
  4. Interaction terms ‘high risk geriatric screening result’*'cause of the fall' and ‘high risk geriatric screening result’*'location of the fall' were not significant