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Table 3 Analgesic therapy regimen for injured patients in HEMS operations

From: Analgesia in adult trauma patients in physician-staffed Austrian helicopter rescue: a 12-year registry analysis

  Adults (≥ 15 yrs)n= 26,059*
  Male n= 17,950 Female n= 8103
Analgesic substance classes
Monotherapy 14,938 (83.2) 6805 (84.0)
Dual therapy 2972 (16.6) 1278 (15.8)
Triple therapy 40 (0.2) 19 (0.2)
Common combinations
Opioids only 11,056 (61.6) 4781 (59.0)
Esketamine only 3539 (19.7) 1818 (22.4)
Opioids + esketamine 2520 (14.0) 1071 (13.2)
Opioids + metamizole 260 (1.4) 109 (1.3)
Metamizole only 199 (1.1) 133 (1.6)
NSAIDs+ only 141 (0.8) 72 (0.9)
Opioids + NSAIDs+ 136 (0.8) 57 (0.7)
  1. * sex unknown in n= 6 cases; + Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs