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Table 1 Triage priority levels among the entire population (n = 6368) by pediatric disciplines, and selected ESSa codes, bICD-10 diagnoses and selected procedure codes

From: A validity study of the rapid emergency Triage and treatment system for children

  Triage priority ratings  
  Red Orange Yellow Green Total N
Entire population (%) 586 (9) 2179 (34) 2397 (38) 1206 (19) 6368
Pediatric Medicine (%) 538 (11) 1628 (34) 1688 (36) 873 (19) 4727
Child Surgery* (%) 28 (3) 339 (36) 426 (45) 162 (17) 955
Child Neurosurgery* (%) 6 (2) 94 (27) 154 (44) 97 (28) 351
Child Orthopedics* (%) 13 (4) 105 (35) 116 (39) 66 (22) 300
Child Ear-Nose-Throat (%) 1 (3) 12 (39) 12 (39) 6 (19) 31
Child Ophthalmology (%) 0 (0) 1 (25) 1 (25) 2 (50) 4
ESS-codes
 Airway problem (104 + 144) (%) 300 (17) 684 (39) 584 (33) 186 (11) 1754
 Abdominal pains (106) (%) 29 (3) 311 (31) 483 (48) 184 (18) 1007
 Vomiting and diarrhea (110) (%) 15 (3) 172 (34) 177 (35) 146 (29) 510
 Head injury (130) (%) 8 (3) 61 (20) 142 (47) 93 (31) 304
 Headache (119) (%) 2 (2) 71 (53) 24 (18) 36 (27) 133
 Other ESS-codes (%) 232 (9) 880 (33) 987 (37) 1206 (19) 2660
ICD-10 Diagnoses
 Lower respiratory tract infectionsc (%) 237 (24) 414 (42) 268 (27) 74 (8) 993
 Upper respiratory tract infectionsd (%) 89 (9) 344 (36) 368 (39) 148 (16) 949
 Abdominal pain (R10) (%) 5 (2) 80 (24) 181 (54) 70 (21) 336
 Acute appendicitis (%) (K35) (%) 3 (3) 35 (29) 73 (61) 9 (8) 120
 Concussion (S06) (%) 5 (2) 39 (16) 122 (50) 80 (33) 246
 Infectious gastroenteritise (%) 10 (2) 160 (36) 152 (34) 122 (28) 444
 Other ICD-10 diagnoses (%) 235 (8) 1057 (35) 1125 (37) 636 (21) 3053
Procedure codes
 JEA: Appendectomy (%) 3 (3) 34 (29) 70 (60) 9 (8) 116
 GXAV: Assisted ventilation (%) 21 (55) 13 (34) 4 (11) 0 (0) 38
Hospitalizedf
 Entire population (%) 405 (13) 1254 (41) 1046 (34) 382 (12) 3087
 Pediatric Medicine (%) 369 (17) 881 (41) 660 (30) 261 (12) 2171
 Surgeryg (%) 25 (4) 274 (38) 328 (46) 90 (13) 717
Long hospital stayh,i
 Entire population (%) 244 (17) 647 (45) 424 (29) 138 (10) 1453
 Pediatric Medicine (%) 231 (21) 470 (43) 287 (26) 107 (10) 1095
 Surgeryg (%) 7 (3) 113 (48) 101 (43) 16 (7) 237
Referral to PICUj,k
 Entire population (%) 45 (43) 43 (41) 15 (14) 3 (3) 106
 Pediatric Medicine (%) 43 (47) 35 (38) 13 (14) 1 (1) 92
 Surgeryf (%) 2 (15) 7 (54) 2 (15) 2 (15) 13
  1. a ESS Emergency sign and symptoms, bICD-10 International classification of diseases, 10th revision, cICD-10-codes: J09-J18, J20-J22 and J40-J47; dICD-10-codes: J00-J06 and J30-J39, e ICD-10-codes A00-A09, *p < 0.001 compared with Pediatric Medicine, fMissing = 19, gSurgery = general and neurosurgery, hdefined as hospital time (hours) > mean, iMissing = 381 jPICU Pediatric intensive care unit, kMissing = 381