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Table 2 Association of intoxication characteristics, clinical presentation, concomitant injuries, and treatment with intubation

From: Intubation in acute alcohol intoxications at the emergency department

 Total (n = 3003)Intubation (n = 68)No Intubation (n = 2935)p
Intoxication characteristics
 Mixed intoxication, [n (%)]1029(34.3)32(47.1)997(34.0)0.025
 Medical drug mixed intoxication, [n (%)]664(22.1)27(39.7)637(21.7)< 0.001
 Illicit drug mixed intoxication, [n (%)]535(17.8)10(14.7)525(17.9)0.498
 GCS, [median (IQR)]15.0(14–15)3.0(3–7.5)15.0(14–15)< 0.001
 GCS (< 9), [n (%)]173(5.8)53(77.9)120(4.1)< 0.001
 Blood alcohol concentration, g/Kg [median (IQR)]a1.6(1.1–2.2)1.3(1.0–2.2)1.6(1.1–2.2)0.034
 Suicidal intent, [n (%)]350(11.7)8(11.8)342(11.7)0.977
 Aggression, [n (%)]230(7.7)4(5.9)226(7.7)0.577
 History of chronic alcohol consumption, [n (%)]1183(39.4)14(20.6)1169(39.8)0.001
 Forced treatment, [n (%)]27(0.9)1(1.5)26(0.9)0.614
 Police attendance, [n (%)]811(27.0)6(8.8)805(27.4)0.001
Concomitant Injuries/disease
 Trauma, [n (%)]775(25.8)33(48.5)742(25.3)< 0.001
 Traumatic brain injury, [n (%)]203(6.8)20(29.4)183(6.2)< 0.001
 Superficial wound, [n (%)]399(13.3)9(13.2)390(13.3)0.990
 Contusion, [n (%)]190(6.3)7(10.3)183(6.2)0.174
 Luxation, [n (%)]25(0.8)4(5.9)21(0.7)< 0.001
 Fractures, [n (%)]246(8.2)25(36.8)221(7.5)< 0.001
 Cerebral bleeding, [n (%)]53(1.8)11(16.2)42(1.4)< 0.001
Treatment and Outcome
 Psychiatrist involvement, [n (%)]1327(44.2)0(0.0)1327(45.2)< 0.001
 Sutures, [n (%)]356(11.9)7(10.3)349(11.9)0.687
 Emergency surgery, [n (%)]71(2.4)5(7.4)66(2.2)0.006
Hospital admission, [n (%)]1143(38.1)65(95.6)1078(36.7)< 0.001
 Psychiatry admission, [n (%)]726(24.2)0(0.0)726(24.7)< 0.001
  1. adata available in 76.7% (n = 2303) of the patients