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Table 2 A Table to summarise the number of patient’s undergoing a resuscitative thoracotomy, the number and percentage (%) of patients that survived, any comment on neurological outcome and the role of timing of the intervention for each included study

From: Outcomes following resuscitative thoracotomy for abdominal exsanguination, a systematic review

TitleNumber of patients undergoing pre-theatre thoracotomyNumber of patients surviving to discharge% of patients survival to dischargeNeurological outcome (if commented on)Timing of intervention (if commented on)
Velmahos 1995 [27]Isolated abdomen 118
Polytrauma 501
Isolated abdomen 8
Polytrauma 1
Less than 1%
No dataBest outcomes with witnessed loss of signs of life
Asensio 2003 [26]22418%No dataNo data
Asensio 2005 [28]300%No dataNo data
Blocksom 2004 [29]27311%No dataNo data
Kalina 2009 [30]Isolated abdomen 7
Polytrauma 13
? – unclearNo dataNo dataPresence of signs of life in field best predictor of survival
Moore 2016 [31]Isolated abdomen 116
Polytrauma 1003
Isolated abdomen 7
Polytrauma 371
68% no permanent neurological deficit with 12% mild neurological deficit and remaining 20% in a persistent vegetative stateNo Pre-hospital CPR being performed associated with better chance of survival
Asensio 2007 [32]400%No dataNo data
Ross 1988 [33]700%No dataNo data
Nicholas 2003 [34]700%No dataNo data
Mazzorana 1994 [35]25241.6%No neurological deficitImproved survival if signs of life at time of thoracotomy
Tyburski 2001 [25]3126%No dataNo data
Moore 2015 [36]7245.5%28.5% chance of no neurological deficit.No data
Seamon 2008 [37]50816%No neurological deficitNo data
Asensio 2001 [38].1805028%No dataSpontaneous breathing at time of procedure associated with better chance of survival
Asensio 2000 [39].4312%No dataNo data
Branney 1998 [40].Penetrating abdominal 73
Blunt abdominal 51
No neurological deficitBetter outcomes if signs of life present in pre-hospital environment
Lustenberger 2012 [41].31413%No dataNo data