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Table 2 The median, interquartile range, and the level of agreement of items in the first-round query

From: Developing a tool for measuring the disaster resilience of healthcare rescuers: a modified Delphi study

Domains Items Median Interquartile range Level of agreement
Optimism 1. I often think that difficulties are everywhere during and after rescue work (R). 4.00 1.00 0.81
2. I can’t change the reality (R). 4.00 2.00* 0.62*
3. I tend to think things in a positive way when I witness bad happenings at disaster site. 4.00 1.00 0.95
4. I tend to think that there will be solutions to all the encountered problems during and after deployment. 4.00 1.00 0.95
5. I have a bright outlook for the future. 4.00 1.00 1.00
Altruism 6. I had a desire to help others. 4.00 1.00 0.95
7. I have a strong will to offer help to others after disaster occurred. 4.00 0.00 1.00
8. I am inspired to work in disaster areas. 4.00 0.00 1.00
9. I am very willing to offer help to victims of the disaster. 4.00 0.00 0.95
10. I am honored to work in the frontline to offer my help to my people. 4.00 0.00 1.00
11. I will devote myself to the disaster rescue work. 4.00 0.00 0.95
12. I feel that it is a personal responsibility to help others after disaster 4.00 1.00 0.90
Preparations for disaster 13. I have insurance covered during deployment. 4.00 1.00 0.86
14. I was offered psychological training before a rescue mission. 4.00 0.50 0.90
15. I received disaster-related knowledge and skills such as Psychological First Aid (PFA) and field survival skills. 4.00 0.00 1.00
16. I read from books on positive psychology in order to remain calm when facing difficulties. 3.00* 1.00 0.90
17. I learned the coping strategies and stress release approach before deployment. 4.00 1.00 1.00
18. I usually do exercise to keep healthy. 3.00* 1.50* 0.76
Social support 19. My relatives provide help for me during my deployment. 4.00 1.00 0.86
20. My family give me strong supports. 4.00 1.00 0.95
21. My family will share the joy with me when I came back from disaster site. 4.00 1.00 0.81
22. My friends accompany me to overcome the challenges. 3.00* 1.50* 0.76
23. I have some close friends/family members encouraging me. 3.00* 1.00 0.90
24. During the rescue phrase, my colleagues and I help each other. 4.00 0.75 0.95
25. My hospital takes care of my family during my deployment. 4.00 1.00 0.81
26. When I have problems, I always feel that I have no one to count on (R). 3.00* 2.75* 0.62*
27. I can ask for help when something bad happens. 4.00 0.75 0.95
28. The local authority has provided us with food and medical equipment. 4.00 2.00* 0.67*
29. I feel isolated from my colleagues and rescue team members (R). 3.00* 3.00* 0.48*
Perceived control 30. How things go in my life depends on my own actions. 4.00 1.00 0.86
31. My decision makes a real difference in how things turn out in the end. 4.00 0.50 0.95
32. My own future depends on myself. 4.00 1.00 0.81
33. I can achieve my goal by working hard. 4.00 1.00 1.00
34. I can control the results by preparing for disaster rescue work. 4.00 1.00 0.95
35. More people can be saved when I work seriously and thoroughly in the disaster site. 4.00 1.00 0.90
36. No more survivor can be saved no matter how hard I work (R). 3.00* 2.00* 0.62*
Self-efficacy 37. I felt empowered and have realized my clinical experience became very useful whilst participating in rescue work. 4.00 0.50 1.00
38. I can easily adjust in a difficult situation in the rescue site. 4.00 1.00 1.00
39. I can cope well with unexpected problem in the process of disaster rescue. 4.00 1.00 1.00
  40. I believed in myself during carry out the rescue activity. 4.00 1.00 0.95
41. In the rescue site, my self-esteem was enhanced by communicating with colleagues about the situation of my family. 3.00* 1.00 0.76
42. I become psychologically stronger within the rescue team. 4.00 1.00 0.90
43. I know that I will bounce back no matter how the difficult is. 4.00 1.00 0.90
44. I am a person who can make the right decisions in most cases. 4.00 1.00 0.95
45. I am the excellent rescue workers. 4.00 1.00 0.90
46. I make mistake often during disaster rescue. (R) 3.00* 3.00* 0.62*
Coping strategies 47. I always try to find a way to do what’s necessary to carry on. 4.00 1.00 1
48. I often look for creative solutions in the face of disastrous events. 4.00 0.00 0.95
49. I always give up in the face of difficulties (R). 3.00* 2.50* 0.67*
50. When I failed to address problems, I think of other ways to address. 4.00 1.00 0.90
51. If disaster occurs, I will find a place to hide and prevent myself from injuries. 3.00* 1.75* 0.71
52. When life is threatened, I will remain calm and would actively face the problem. 4.00 0.75 0.95
53. Whenever I encountered difficulties, I would remind myself there is always a solution to the problem. 4.00 0.75 0.90
54. As time goes by, I will slowly forget about the disaster. 3.00* 1.5* 0.76
55. I have to wait calmly for the rescue team if I was trapped. 3.00* 1.00 0.86
56. I would adjust my own thoughts to remain a calm attitude in disaster rescue. 4.00 1.00 1.00
57. When I am tired from work, I would have a cigarette or go fishing which I won’t think of anything. 4.00 1.00 1.00
Positive growth 58. I have growth from the rescue work 3.00* 2.50* 0.48*
59. I tend to see recue work as a challenge. 4.00 1.00 0.90
60. I find meaning from my deployment. 4.00 0.50 1.00
61. I find strength from disaster recue work. 4.00 1.00 0.95
62. I tend to think Living in the moment is important. 3.00* 2.00* 0.71
63. After returning from disaster deployment, I have a more harmonious family life. 4.00 1.00 0.86
64. My colleagues and I are like buddies after deployment. 4.00 1.00 0.90
65. I cannot be afraid of disaster and just have to accept whatever life brings 3.00* 2.00* 0.67*
66. I think that having a religious belief would be helpful in disastrous situations. 3.00* 2.00* 0.62*
  1. Note: R reversed description; * = not meet the criteria of consensus