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Table 4 Association between patient-level ICP monitoring utilization and favorable functional outcome

From: Hospital-level intracranial pressure monitoring utilization and functional outcome in severe traumatic brain injury: a post hoc analysis of prospective multicenter observational study

Variables Model 1 Model 2
Adjusted OR (95% CI) P value Adjusted OR (95% CI) P value
Treatment with ICP monitoring 0.96 (0.57–1.59) 0.863 1.08 (0.60–1.94) 0.791
Age, per year 0.94 (0.93–0.96) <  0.001 0.94 (0.92–0.95) <  0.001
Glasgow Coma Scale Motor score, per point 1.52 (1.27–1.82) <  0.001 1.41 (1.16–1.70) <  0.001
Pupillary reflex
 None Reference Reference
 One 5.40 (2.15–13.60) <  0.001 4.74 (1.79–12.50) 0.002
 Both 9.59 (4.05–22.70) <  0.001 7.26 (2.89–18.30) <  0.001
Hypotension on admission 0.31 (0.09–1.03) 0.056
Marshall CT classification   
 Diffuse injury I Reference
 Diffuse injury II 0.16 (0.01–4.81) 0.294
 Diffuse injury III 0.05 (0.00–1.65) 0.094
 Diffuse injury IV 0.11 (0.00–4.44) 0.239
 Evacuated mass 0.11 (0.00–3.09) 0.192
 Non-evacuated mass 0.11 (0.00–3.29) 0.203
Injury Severity Score, per point 0.95 (0.93–0.98) <  0.001
Treatment at university hospitals 1.01 (0.57–1.79) 0.975
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, ICP intracranial pressure, CT computed tomography