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Table 2 Association between hospital-level ICP monitoring utilization and favorable functional outcome

From: Hospital-level intracranial pressure monitoring utilization and functional outcome in severe traumatic brain injury: a post hoc analysis of prospective multicenter observational study

Variables Model 1 Model 2
Adjusted OR (95% CI) P value Adjusted OR (95% CI) P value
Higher hospital-level ICP monitoring utilization 2.36 (1.17–4.76) 0.016 2.30 (1.07–4.92) 0.033
Age, per year 0.94 (0.93–0.96) <  0.001 0.93 (0.92–0.95) <  0.001
Glasgow Coma Scale Motor score, per point 1.50 (1.25–1.80) <  0.001 1.40 (1.16–1.69) <  0.001
Pupillary reflex
 None Reference Reference
 One 5.27 (2.11–13.20) <  0.001 4.53 (1.72–11.90) 0.002
 Both 10.00 (4.19–24.00) <  0.001 7.28 (2.86–18.50) <  0.001
Hypotension on admission 0.29 (0.09–0.96) 0.042
Marshall CT classification   
 Diffuse injury I Reference
 Diffuse injury II 0.16 (0.00–5.12) 0.300
 Diffuse injury III 0.05 (0.00–1.80) 0.100
 Diffuse injury IV 0.10 (0.00–4.37) 0.230
 Evacuated mass 0.10 (0.00–3.08) 0.190
 Non-evacuated mass 0.12 (0.00–3.76) 0.220
Injury Severity Score, per point 0.95 (0.93–0.98) <  0.001
Treatment at university hospitals 0.97 (0.55–1.69) 0.902
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, ICP intracranial pressure, CT computed tomography