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Table 2 Vital signs and clinical risk scores at emergency department admission in patients with covid-19 infection in the period from March 9th to April 27th by disease severity, n = 66

From: National Early Warning Score 2 (NEWS2) on admission predicts severe disease and in-hospital mortality from Covid-19 – a prospective cohort study

  Severe disease
(n = 15)
Less severe disease (n = 51) p-value
Mean (SD) Mean (SD)  
Vital signs
 Body temperature (°C) 38.0 (0.8) 38.0 (0.7) 0.99
 Respiratory rate (breaths/min) 26.3 (6.3) 20.1 (3.3) < 0.05
 Oxygen saturation (%) 92.2 (3.0) 95.7 (2.7) < 0.05
 Heart rate (beats/min) 89.1 (14.7) 80.3 (18.2) 0.07
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 127.7 (21.5) 132.1 (19.8) 0.49
 NEWS21 score 6.9 (3.2) 3.4 (2.3) < 0.05
  n (%) n (%)  
Clinical risk scores
 NEWS21 score ≥ 5 13 (87) 15 (29) < 0.05
 NEWS21 score ≥ 6 12 (80) 8 (16) < 0.05
 qSOFA2 score ≥ 2 4 (27) 1 (2) < 0.05
  ≥ 2 SIRS3 criteria 9 (60) 17 (33) 0.06
 CRB-65 score ≥ 2 4 (27) 5 (10) 0.09
Selected subscores
 Oxygen saturation ≤ 93% 9 (60) 9 (18) < 0.05
 Respiratory rate ≥ 22/min 11 (73) 15 (29) < 0.05
 Systolic blood pressure ≤ 100 mmHg 1 (7) 1 (2) 0.35
 Heart rate > 90 beats/min 5 (33) 10 (20) 0.27
 Acute confusion 5 (33) 7 (14) 0.08
 Glasgow Coma Scale score ≤ 14 4 (27) 3 (6) < 0.05
  1. 1 National Early Warning Score. 2 Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment. 3 Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome