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Table 2 Chest tube groups and complications, by insertion location and staff

From: Comparing complications of small-bore chest tubes to large-bore chest tubes in the setting of delayed hemothorax: a retrospective multicenter cohort study

N (%)Large-BoreSmall-BorePAny Tube ComplicationP
(n = 72)(n = 191)(n = 45)
Location of tube placement  < 0.001 0.91
 Bedside32 (44%)86 (45%) 19 (16%) 
 Interventional radiology6 (8%)100 (52%) 19 (18%) 
 Operating room34 (47%)4 (2%) 7 (8%) 
Staff who placed tube  0.10 0.20
 Physician51 (71%)137 (72%) 36 (19%) 
 Surgical resident2 (3%)18 (9%) 5 (9%) 
 Physician assistant19 (26%)36 (19%) 4 (20%)