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Table 1 Comparison of baseline characteristics in survivors and non-survivors

From: Clinical outcomes of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in acute traumatic lung injury: a retrospective study

Pre-ECMOTotalSurvivorsNon-survivorsP
Variablesn = 42 (%)n = 34 (81%)n = 8 (19%)
Sex   0.564
 Male37 (88.1)29 (69)8 (19) 
 Female5 (11.9)5 (11.9)0 (0) 
Age (years), median (IQR)41 (18.75–52.75)39 (18.75–48.0)49.5 (24.5–59.0)0.378
BMI (kg/m2), median (IQR)22.3 (20.7–24.0)22.5 (21.1–24.5)21.1(16.7–21.9)0.277
Comorbidity
 Diabetes5 (11.9)5 (11.9)0 (0)0.327
 Hypertension6 (14.3)5 (11.9)1 (2.4)0.681
 Liver cirrhosis2 (4.8)0 (0)2 (4.8)0.033*
 Asthma1 (2.4)0 (0)1 (2.4)0.190
CPR21 (50)16 (38.1)5 (11.9)0.348
MV before ECMO, median days (IQR)1 (1–2.25)1 (1–1.25)1 (1–5.25)0.270
Door to ECMO, median hours (IQR)3.5 (2–81)3.5 (2.2–81)e0.328
ECMO within 24 h28 (67)23 (58)5 (11.9)0.543
Surgical procedures17 (40.5)13 (31)4 (9.5)0.411
e Surgical procedures with ECMO6 (14.3)6 (14.3)0 (0) 
 Thoracic/abdominal/neuro/skeletal4 /0 /0 /24 /0 /0 /20 /0 /0 /0 
 ECMO after surgical procedures11 (26.2)7 (16.7)4 (9.5) 
 Thoracic/abdominal/neuro/skeletal3 /4 /1 /33 /1 /1 /20 /3 /0 /1 
IS, mean (range)4.28 (0–44.44)4.64 (0–44.44)2.75 (0–22.0)0.680
VIS, mean (range)61.09 (0–446.0)35.68 (0–285.0)169.09 (0–446.0)0.001*
SOFA score, mean (range)11.50 (4.0–19.0)11.23 (4.0–16.0)12.62 (8.0–19.0)0.289
SAPSII score, mean (range)54.57 (26.0–86.0)51.08 (26.0–84.0)69.37 (42.0–86.0)0.010*
Trauma types   0.569
 Car accident9 (21.4)8 (19)1 (2.4) 
 Near drowning18 (42.9)15 (35.7)3 (7.1) 
 Gunshot wound1 (2.4)1 (2.4)0 (0) 
 Intoxication2 (4.8)1 (2.4)1 (2.4) 
 Crushing injury5 (11.9)3 (7.1)2 (4.8) 
 Fall down4 (9.5)4 (9.5)0 (0) 
 Hanging1 (2.4)1 (2.4)0 (0) 
 Stabbed wound2 (4.8)1 (2.4)1 (2.4) 
Associated injury   0.042*
 Thorax20 (47.6)17 (40.5)3 (7.1) 
 T + head5 (11.9)4 (9.5)1 (2.4) 
 T + abdomen1 (2.4)0 (0)1 (2.4) 
 T + H + A + pelvis1 (2.4)1 (2.4)0 (0) 
 T + H + A + P + MSI2 (4.8)2 (4.8)0 (0) 
 T + H + A + MSI3 (7.1)3 (7.1)0 (0) 
 T + H + MSI1 (2.4)1 (2.4)0 (0) 
 T + A + P + MSI1 (2.4)1 (2.4)0 (0) 
 T + A + P1 (2.4)0 (0)1 (2.4) 
 T + P + MSI1 (2.4)0 (0)1 (2.4) 
 T + MSI5 (11.9)5 (11.9)0 (0) 
 A1 (2.4)0 (0)1 (2.4) 
ECMO equipment   0.873
 EBS6 (14.3)5 (11.9)1 (2.4) 
 PLS36 (85.7)29 (69)7 (16.7) 
  1. Abbreviations: A abdomen, BMI body mass index, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, H head, IQR interquartile range, IS inotropic score dopamine (mcg/kg/min) + dobutamine (mcg/kg/min) + 100 x epinephrine (mcg/kg/min) + 100, MSI musculoskeletal injury, MV mechanical ventilation, P pelvis, SAPSII Simplified Acute Physiology Score II, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, T thorax, VIS Vasoactive-Inotropic Score IS + 100 x norepinephrine(mcg/kg/min) + 10 x milrinone (mcg/kg/min) + 10,000 x vasopressin (Units/kg/min)
  2. *Statistically significant, P < 0.05