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Table 3 Problems in the five EQ-5 dimensions and cognition during one year after a severe injury

From: Longitudinal analysis of health status the first year after trauma in severely injured patients

  Mobility
OR (95% CI)
Self-care
OR (95% CI)
Activity
OR (95% CI)
Pain
OR (95% CI)
Anxiety
OR (95% CI)
Cognition
OR (95% CI)
Ventilation 0.94 (0.52–1.72) 1.40 (0.73–2.68) 1.39 (0.68–2.82) 1.79 (0.86–3.74)
Female 1.19 (0.71–2.00) 1.46 (0.75–2.82) 1.88 (0.97–3.67)
Age 0.75 (0.52–1.08)
ISS 1.21 (0.84–1.74) 1.31 (0.92–1.85) 1.13 (0.74–1.72) 1.16 (0.84–1.60) 1.08 (0.71–1.63)
ASA II1 1.18 (0.64–2.17) 1.05 (0.62–1.77)
ASA III/IV1 2.22 (0.84–5.86) 3.16 (1.48–6.74)*
Middle educational level2 0.83 (0.43–1.59)
High educational level2 0.38 (0.17–0.86)*
H-LOS 1.69 (1.20–2.39)* 1.50 (1.16–1.93)* 1.55 (1.09–2.19)* 1.15 (0.88–1.50) 1.01 (0.74–1.37) 1.35 (0.96–1.86)
Pre-injury 2.25 (0.92–5.48) 1.93 (0.43–8.64) 2.45 (0.94–6.37) 1.93 (1.00–3.73)* 2.00 (1.35–6.63)* 2.39 (0.71–8.02)
Injury3
 Head/face 0.67 (0.34–1.33) 0.78 (0.40–1.55) 0.67 (0.34–1.32) 0.89 (0.51–1.57) 1.60 (0.71–3.61)
 Thorax 0.66 (0.34–1.30) 0.61 (0.34–1.11) 0.71 (0.36–1.39) 0.87 (0.50–1.50) 0.63 (0.31–1.27)
 Abdomen 0.53 (0.19–1.51) 0.34 (0.13–0.89)* 0.52 (0.17–1.58) 0.54 (0.23–1.24) 1.62 (0.48–5.54)
 Spine 1.65 (0.74–3.72) 1.05 (0.48–2.32) 1.49 (0.59–3.76) 2.42 (1.08–5.42)* 0.51 (0.17–1.51)
 Extremity 2.77 (1.36–5.62) 1.49 (0.73–3.03) 1.59 (0.73–3.47) 1.58 (0.79–3.12) 0.66 (0.28–1.54)
 Employed 0.63 (0.38–1.06)
Multi person Household4 2.05 (1.21–3.46)
  1. Legend: Longitudinal analysis adjusted for time. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence interval, ISS Injury Severity Score, ASA American Society of Anaesthesiologists classification, H-LOS Hospital length of stay, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale. *p < 0,05; 1 ASA I is the reference category; 2Low educational level is the reference category; 3Patients that had at least an injury severity ≥3; 4Single person household is the reference category