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Table 1 Patient characteristics in the total cohort, the responders and the non-responders

From: Longitudinal analysis of health status the first year after trauma in severely injured patients

  Total cohort Responders Non-responders p-value
N (%) 433 239 194  
Age, mean (SD) 56.2 (19.9) 56.31 (19.3) 56.13 (20.7) 0.949
Male, n (%) 277 (64.0) 147 (61.5) 130 (67.0) 0.268
ISS, median [IQR] 19 [17–24] 20 [17–24] 19 [17–22.5] 0.321
GCS, median [IQR]a 15 [13.5–15.0]
H-LOS, median [IQR] 10 [5–17] 10 [5–17.75] 9 [4.75–17] 0.153
ICU admission, n (%) 276 (63.7) 159 (66.5) 117 (60.3) 0.406
ASA classification, n (%)     0.010
ASA I 174 (40.2) 111 (46.4) 63 (32.5)  
ASA II 155 (35.8) 83 (34.7) 72 (37.1)  
ASA III/IV 65 (15.0) 25 (10.4) 40 (20.6)  
Missing 39 (9.0) 20 (8.4) 19 (9.8)  
Region of injury with AIS ≥ 3, n (%)
Head or face 219 (50.6) 111 (46.4) 108 (55.7) 0.056
Thorax 173 (40.0) 97 (40.6) 76 (39.2) 0.766
Abdomen 41 (9.5) 23 (9.6) 18 (9.3) 0.903
Spine 49 (11.3) 31 (13.0) 18 (9.3) 0.228
Extremity 76 (17.6) 50 (20.9) 26 (13.4) 0.041
Ventilation, n (%) 86 (19.9) 46 (19.2) 40 (20.6) 0.722
Multi person household, n (%)a 140 (58.6)
Employed, n (%)a 104 (43.5)
  1. Legend: N Number, SD Standard deviation, ISS Injury Severity score, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, H-LOS Hospital length of stay, ICU Intensive Care Unit, ASA American Society of Anaesthesiologists classification, AIS Abbreviated Injury Scale, IQR Interquartile range. aUnknown in the non-responders