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Table 1 Patient characteristics in the total cohort, the responders and the non-responders

From: Longitudinal analysis of health status the first year after trauma in severely injured patients

 Total cohortRespondersNon-respondersp-value
N (%)433239194 
Age, mean (SD)56.2 (19.9)56.31 (19.3)56.13 (20.7)0.949
Male, n (%)277 (64.0)147 (61.5)130 (67.0)0.268
ISS, median [IQR]19 [17–24]20 [17–24]19 [17–22.5]0.321
GCS, median [IQR]a15 [13.5–15.0]
H-LOS, median [IQR]10 [5–17]10 [5–17.75]9 [4.75–17]0.153
ICU admission, n (%)276 (63.7)159 (66.5)117 (60.3)0.406
ASA classification, n (%)   0.010
ASA I174 (40.2)111 (46.4)63 (32.5) 
ASA II155 (35.8)83 (34.7)72 (37.1) 
ASA III/IV65 (15.0)25 (10.4)40 (20.6) 
Missing39 (9.0)20 (8.4)19 (9.8) 
Region of injury with AIS ≥ 3, n (%)
Head or face219 (50.6)111 (46.4)108 (55.7)0.056
Thorax173 (40.0)97 (40.6)76 (39.2)0.766
Abdomen41 (9.5)23 (9.6)18 (9.3)0.903
Spine49 (11.3)31 (13.0)18 (9.3)0.228
Extremity76 (17.6)50 (20.9)26 (13.4)0.041
Ventilation, n (%)86 (19.9)46 (19.2)40 (20.6)0.722
Multi person household, n (%)a140 (58.6)
Employed, n (%)a104 (43.5)
  1. Legend: N Number, SD Standard deviation, ISS Injury Severity score, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, H-LOS Hospital length of stay, ICU Intensive Care Unit, ASA American Society of Anaesthesiologists classification, AIS Abbreviated Injury Scale, IQR Interquartile range. aUnknown in the non-responders