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Table 3 Characteristics of dispatched police officers

From: First-response treatment after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a survey of current practices across 29 countries in Europe

Country, RegionActivation byLocation determination1. Response neededRole on scene (steps)EquipmentTraining,
Frequency
FeedbackFinancial assistance (NOT including: salary)Other
2. Information provided by dispatcher
Austria
(N = 8.220000)
Standard communication system; SMS; Pager; AppGPS1. Confirming the response
2. ocation of victim; location of AED (if applicable)
1. Get a local AED or from the vehicle;
2. Attach pads and follow the AED instructions;
3. Perform CPR
1. AED;
2. Safety jacket;
3. Mobile phone/Pager;
4. Rescuer kit
Yes trained for CPR including use of an AED; AnnuallyPolice officers receive a regular report of their activityAED equipment and related disposables 
Belgium, Brussels
(N = 1.208500)
Standard communication systemGPS1. Confirming the response
2. Location of victim
1. Get an AED from the vehicle;
2. Attach pads and follow the AED instructions;
3. Perform CPR
1. AEDYes trained for CPR including use of an AED; Variable frequency (depends on police district)There is no feedback to the officer’s superiors, after the intervention they are debriefed as part of the EMS team, at their demand.NR 
Czech Republic,
(N = 10.521646)
Standard communication systemGPS and Address1. Subsequent call from dispatcher to police officer/ backwards
2. Location of victim; demographics (victim) and situational information
1. Get an AED from the vehicle;
2. Connect a breathing mask;
3. Attach pads and follow the AED instructions;
4. Perform CPR
1. AED;
2. Safety jacket;
3. Mobile phone/Pager;
4. BVM without oxygen
Yes trained for CPR including use of an AED; AnnuallyDesignated EMS staff discuss calls attended with firefighters/ Police officers participate in a debrief with EMS staff immediately after an OHCA/ Regular meetings with police representatives/ EMS quality managers can take part if urgent problems need to be solvedAEDs located in some police cars are purchased by EMSPolice stations are usually located at places where no ambulance stations are
England
(N = 55.980000)
APPAddress1. Confirming the response
2. Location of victim; demographics (victim) and situational information
1. Get an AED from the vehicle;
2. Connect a breathing mask;
3. Attach pads and follow the AED instructions;
4. Perform CPR;
5. Trained in airway management
1.AED;
2. Mobile phone/Pager;
3. Rescuer kit
Yes trained for CPR including use of an AED; AnnuallyPolice officer activity is described in the annual report/ Police officers receive a regular report of their activity; Police officers receive written feedback on individual calls from the EMS/ Police officers participate in a debrief with EMS staff immediately after an OHCANo 
Ireland
(N = 4.830000)
SMSNot determined1. Confirming the response
2. Location of victim; location of AED; demographics (victim)
1. Get a local AED or from the vehicle or PAD;
2. Connect a breathing mask;
3. Attach pads and follow the AED instructions;
4. Perform CPR
1. AED;
2. Safety jacket;
3. Mobile phone/Pager
Yes trained for CPR including use of an AED; AnnuallyPolice officer activity is described in the annual report/ Police officers receive a regular report of their activity/ Police officers participate in a debrief with EMS staff immediately after an OHCAConsumable equipment replacement 
Italy, Emilia Romagna
(N = 445,300)
AppGPS1. Confirming the response
2. Location of victim; Location of AED (if applicable)
1. Get a local AED or from the vehicle;
2. Connect a breathing mask;
3. Attach pads and follow the AED instructions;
4. Perform CPR
1. AED;
2. Safety jacket;
3. Mobile phone/Pager;
4. Rescuer kit
Yes trained for CPR including use of an AED; Bi-annuallyThe responder manager sends an email to collect feedback by mail (but is not a routine)No 
The Netherlands
(N = 17.180000)
Standard communication systemGPS1. Confirming the response
2. Location of victim; demographics (victim)
1. Get an AED from the vehicle;
2. Attach pads and follow the AED instructions;
3. Perform CPR;
4. Do safety measures and provide a safe workspace for people involved
1. AED;
2. Safety jacket;
Yes trained for CPR including use of an AED; AnnuallyNoneNo 
Sweden, Stockholm
(N = 965,232)
Standard communication systemGPS1. Police is dispatched by their own dispatch centre. If available they answer by oral communication
2. Location of victim; demographics (victim)
NR1.AED;
2. Mobile phone/Pager
Yes trained for CPR including use of an AEDMeetings a couple of times each year where they discuss the collaborationNo 
Switzerland, region of Fribourg
(N = 225,500)
App; In case of OCHA, EMS dispatch centre calls the police dispatch centre to give the alarm. Police men can receive alarms from the police dispatch or from the app (like other first responders)GPS1. Confirming the response
2. Location of victim
1. Get an AED from the vehicle;
2. Attach pads and follow the AED instructions;
3. Perform CPR
1. AED;
2. Safety jacket;
3. Mobile phone/Pager
Yes trained for CPR including use of an AED; Every 3 yearsPolice officers receive sometimes feedback but it is not systematicYes: AED Electrodes are paid by the first responders foundation 
Switzerland, Ticino Canton
(N = 353,709)
APPNot determined1. Confirming the response
2. Location of victim; location of AED; demographics (victim) and situational information
1. Get an AED from the vehicle;
2. Connect a breathing mask;
3. Attach pads and follow the AED instructions;
4. Perform CPR; assistance to bystanders;
5. Integration in advanced resuscitation (with ambulance team)
1.AED;
2. Safety jacket;
3. Mobile phone/Pager;
4. Rescuer kit
Yes trained for CPR including use of an AED; Bi-annuallyDesignated EMS staff discuss calls attended with police officer/ Police officers receive written feedback on individual calls from the EMS/ Police officers participate in a debrief with EMS staff immediately after an OHCA/ Police officers receive feedback based on AED data from me. they are invited to the annual ceremony, where survivors meet first respondersYes: AED and rescue kit donated free from Ticino Cure Foundation 
  1. If police officers are considered to be implemented in the total country, differences in density and characteristics, from city to city, may exist
  2. Abbreviations: as in Table 1