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Table 2 Patients who did not survive autoresuscitation (n = 41)

From: Autoresuscitation (Lazarus phenomenon) after termination of cardiopulmonary resuscitation - a scoping review

CaseReferenceAgeIn-hospital (I) 15Prehospital (P) 26Rhythm when resuscitation abandonedDuration of resuscitation (min)Signs of life first noticed (min)Delay before death (s,h,d,m)CPC (if available)/Outcome or Cause of death
64 ± 24 (range 0.75–97)Asystole 26 (63%); PEA 9 (22%); VF 0 (0%); Not stated 6 (15%)30 (IQR 17–40; range 0–90)5 (IQR 2.5–10; range 0–220)
1)[2]84PAsystole17d6d3/Hypoxic brain damage
2)[2]67PAsystole20c15d3/Hypoxic brain damage
3)[7]80IAsystole3052d3/Hypoxic brain damage
4)[10]65PAsystole35205d4/Hypoxic brain damage
5)[11]81PAsystole13NSc20 h3/Cardiogenic shock
6)[13]65PNS35204d4/Myocardial infarction
7)[13]83PAsystole23336.5 h4/Myocardial infarction
8)[26]97PAsystole1632 mDied without regaining consciousness
9)[26]30PPEA31688 mDied without regaining consciousness
10)[26]63PPEA12326 hDied without regaining consciousness
11)[26]91PPEA16315 mDied without regaining consciousness
12)[26]61PPEA1883 mDied without regaining consciousness
13)[37]53IAsystole46234d4/Died (multi-organ failure)
14)[74]89IAsystole1857 hDied. Another cardiac event.
15)[24]0.75PAsystoleNSd0.5Several days.Died (WLST).
16)[24]3IAsystole25140 mDied (WLST)
17)[75]64INS20151 hDied. Refractory hypotension.
18)[76]76IAsystole30524 h3/Died. Hypoxic brain damage.
19)[77]44PPEA805NSe3/Palliative care only
20)[78]87IWide complexesg15Immediately12d4/Died
21)[79]63IAsystole12312dDied. Sepsis.
22)[80]59INSb15230 mDied.
23)[81]67PPEA55222 h1/Died from severe comorbidity.
24)[82]10PPEA> 40f2Short time after5 (WLST)
25)[83]94IPEA402.518d1/Died multi-organ failure
26)[84]65PAsystole554013dDied without regaining consciousness
27)[85]35PNS88NSc50 mDied. Another cardiac event.
28)[86]83PAsystole901012dDied. Pneumonia.
29)[87]85PAsystole34225 mDied. Another cardiac event.
30)[88]62IIdioventricular40534 mDied without regaining consciousness
31)[89]55PAsystole3073d5/Died. Hypoxic brain damage.
32)[25]63PAsystole401010 mDied without regaining consciousness
33)[25]78PAsystole41220 mDied without regaining consciousness
34)[90]78PAsystole3122019 hDied without regaining consciousness
35)[91]85PAsystole0648 h4/Died (WLST)
36)[92]69PAsystole4018010dDied without regaining consciousness
37)[93]46PAsystole3060NS (hours)2/Died from cardiogenic shock
38)[94]83IAsystole15102 hDied without regaining consciousness
39)[95]25INS405–74 hDied without regaining consciousness
40)[96]67IAsystole4959d1/Died of massive pulmonary embolism
41)[97]75IAsystole235Several daysDied without regaining consciousness
  1. CPC cerebral performance category, d days, ED emergency department, h hours, IQR interquartile range, PEA pulseless electrical activity, m months, NS not stated, s seconds, VF ventricular fibrillation; WLST Withdrawal of Life Sustaining Therapy; a age in 40’s; b possible/probable PEA, interpreted as PEA in the analysis; c Exact time when signs of life were first noted is not stated but the authors stated that it was “several” or “a few minutes”; d Return of signs of life not stated but > 10 min (considered as =10 min for the analysis); e = Alive at end of case report; f considered = 40 for the analysis; g no more information, considered as a missing data for the analysis