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Table 1 Characteristics of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest among children by location of arrest

From: Prehospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation duration and neurological outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest among children by location of arrest: a Nationwide cohort study

Characteristics Total Residential locations Public locations P value*
(N = 3913) (N = 2865) (N = 1048)
Weekday, n (%) 2756 (70.4) 2035 (71.0) 721 (68.8) .175
Age, median (IQR) 2 (0–13) 1 (0–10) 9 (2–15) <.001
Age group, n (%)        <.001
 0 years old 1504 (38.4) 1320 (46.1) 184 (17.6)  
 1–4 years old 749 (19.1) 582 (20.3) 167 (15.9)  
 5–12 years old 640 (16.4) 374 (13.1) 266 (25.4)  
 13–17 years old 1020 (26.1) 589 (20.6) 431 (41.1)  
Male sex, n (%) 2399 (61.3) 1668 (58.2) 731 (69.8) <.001
Origin, n (%)        <.001
 Medical 2725 (69.6) 2240 (78.2) 485 (46.3)  
 Non-medical 1188 (30.4) 625 (21.8) 563 (53.7)  
Witnessed, n (%) 1065 (27.2) 528 (18.4) 537 (51.2) <.001
Dispatcher instruction, n (%) 2497 (63.8) 2048 (71.5) 449 (42.8) <.001
First documented rhythm, n (%)        <.001
 VF/VT 245 (6.3) 62 (2.2) 183 (17.5)  
 PEA 578 (14.8) 364 (12.7) 214 (20.4)  
 Asystole 3090 (79.0) 2439 (85.1) 651 (62.1)  
Bystander CPR, n (%) 2340 (59.8) 1795 (62.7) 545 (52.0) <.001
Shocks by public-access AEDs, n (%) 96 (2.5) 5 (0.2) 91 (8.7) <.001
Epinephrine administration, n (%) 151 (3.9) 90 (3.1) 61 (5.8) .001
Advanced airway management, n (%) 509 (13.0) 374 (13.1) 135 (12.9) .887
EMS resuscitation times, median (IQR), min
 EMS response time (call to contact with the patient) 8 (7–10) 8 (7–10) 8 (7–11) .020
 Hospital arrival time (call to hospital arrival) 29 (23–37) 28 (23–36) 30 (24–39) <.001
EMS CPR duration, median (IQR), min 19 (13–26) 19 (14–26) 19 (12–26) .076
Prehospital ROSC, n (%) 273 (7.0) 124 (4.3) 149 (14.2) <.001
One-month survival, n (%) 498 (12.7) 304 (10.6) 194 (18.5) <.001
CPC 1 or 2, n (%) 179 (4.6) 66 (2.3) 113 (10.8) <.001
  1. AED automated external defibrillator, CPC cerebral performance category, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, EMS emergency medical service, IQR first to third quartile, PEA pulseless electrical activity ROSC return of spontaneous resuscitation, VF ventricular fibrillation
  2. *Comparisons between the two groups were evaluated with Mann-Whitney U tests for continuous variables and chi-square test for categorical variables