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Table 3 Comparison between PHI and ERI patients

From: Postponing intubation in spontaneously breathing major trauma patients upon emergency room admission does not impair outcome

  Variable PHI
Number or Median (IQR)
ERI
Number or Median (IQR)
p value
n 258 36  
Mortality 68 (26.4%) 6 (16.7%) 0.3
Pre-hospital GCS 6 (3–10) 14 (12–15) 0.0001
SBP 110 (80–130) 100 (90–117) NS
Heart rate 97 (75–116) 98 (85–180) NS
Respiratory rate 14 (10–18) 15 (12–20) 0,014
SpO2 89 (80–95) 94 (90–98) < 0.0001
Cardiac arrest 30 0 0.0342
Time on scene (min) 30 (21–40) 20 (15–28) 0.0002
Transport time (min) 19 (13–26) 18 (10–21) NS
  HEMS 194 (75%) 26 (72%) NS
Ground ambulance 64 (25%) 9 (28%) NS
In-hospital SBP 106 (80–125) 89 (70–145) NS
Heart rate 95 (80–160) 96 (82–115) NS
SpO2 98 (94–99) 92 (83.5–96) < 0.0001
PaO2 204 (94,5–317) 146 (64.5–195) 0.0061
PaCO2 43.6 (37.2–50.5) 43.8 (38.7–50.9) NS
BE −3.95 (−7 - -1,7) −4.35 (−8,4 - -1,83) NS
Body temperature 35.6 (34.6–36.1) 36 (35–36.4) NS
Time to CT (min) 13 (9–19) 17 (10–23.5) NS
ICU stay (h) 312 (72–528) 76 (144–450) NS
Mech. ventilation (h) 144 (24–336) 120 (24–324) NS
Scores ISS 33 (24–43) 25 (20–38) NS
NISS 41 (27–57) 38 (29–48) NS
RISC2 15.5 (4,2-71,1) 6.3 (1,2-23,7) 0.0013