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Table 2 Patient characteristics

From: Derivation and internal validation of the screening to enhance prehospital identification of sepsis (SEPSIS) score in adults on arrival at the emergency department

Variable Derivation
n = 16,063 (70%)
Validation
n = 6,882 (30%)
Location
 Home, n (%) 11,408 (71) 4,964 (72)
 Nursing home, n (%) 1,028 (6) 414 (6)
 Other, n (%) 3,627 (23) 1,504 (22)
Age (years), mean (SD) 63 (21) 62 (21)
Gender
 Male, n (%) 7,884 (49) 3,346 (49)
Respirations (breaths/min), mean (SD) 20 (6) 20 (6)
Oxygen saturation (%), mean (SD) 96 (5) 96 (5)
Heart rate (beats/min), mean (SD) 92 (24) 92 (24)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg), mean (SD) 133 (27) 133 (27)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg), mean (SD) 78 (17) 78 (17)
Temperature (°C), mean (SD) 36.8 (0.9) 36.8 (0.9)
Blood sugar (mmol/L), mean (SD) 7.0 (3.4) 7.0 (3.3)
Glasgow Coma Score, median (IQR) 15 (15–15) 15 (15–15)
Capillary bed refill time
 Normal (< 2 s), n (%) 15,319 (95) 6,567 (95)
 Delayed (> 2 s), n (%) 744 (5) 315 (5)
Skin
 Normal, n (%) 10,366 (73) 5,320 (77)
 Pallor, n (%) 2,669 (19) 1,037 (15)
 Flushed, n (%) 856 (6) 359 (5)
 Cyanosed, n (%) 181 (1) 83 (1)
 Jaundice, n (%) 92 (0.6) 51 (0.7)
 Mottled, n (%) 53 (0.4) 20 (0.2)
 Rash, n (%) 21 (0.1) 12 (0.1)
Pupil size (mm), median (IQR) 3 (3–4) 3 (3–4)
Pupil reaction
 Brisk, n (%) 13,447 (93) 6,462 (94)
 Sluggish, n (%) 923 (6) 381 (6)
 Fixed, n (%) 128 (0.8) 39 (0.5)
NICE risk
 No risk (no infection), n (%) 13,083 (81.4) 5,607 (81.5)
 Infection, n(%) 2980 (18.6) 1275 (18.5)
 Low risk, n (%) 1,048 (6.5) 448 (6.5)
 Moderate risk, n (%) 1,339 (8.3) 573 (8.3)
 High risk, n (%) 593 (3.7) 254 (3.7)