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Table 1 Acute dysnatremiasa

From: Acute Dysnatremias - a dangerous and overlooked clinical problem

  Hyponatremia Hypernatremia Dysnatremia
Total Other over hydration Exercise-associated Primary polydipsia Other Ecstasy-associated Total Salt intoxication Other Total
Number (%) 60 (90) 23 (34) 14 (21) 9 (13) 8 (12) 6 (9) 7 (11) 4 (6) 3 (5) 67 (100)
Sex (women) Number (%) 43 (72) 20 (87) 6 (43) 4 (44) 7 (88) 6 (100) 4 (57) 2 (50) 2 (67) 47 (70)
Age (years) Median (lower-upper quartile) 41 (29–54) 41 (32–59) 45 (32–53) 32 (25–36) 51 (46–69) 19,5 (19–22) 36 (20–52) 28 (20–39) 52 (35–66) 41 (27–53)
S-sodium (mmol/l) at hospital arrival, median (lower-upper quartile) 116 (111–122) 120 (115–122) 120 (115–122) 108 (104–112) 108 (101–112) 116 (115–120) 196 (174–209) 203 (185–228) 175 (169–206) 118 (111–122)
GCS < 15, number (%) 46 (77) 15 (65) 11 (79) 7 (78) 7 (88) 6 (100) 5 (71) 3 (75) 2 (67) 51 (76)
Seizures, number (%) 40 (67) 14 (61) 11 (79) 6 (67) 6 (75) 3 (50) 1 (14) 1 (25) 41 (61)
Correction rate, number (%)  
 Slow  ≤ 10 mmol/l/24 h 7 (12) 4 (17) 2 (14) 0 1 (13) 0 0 0 0 7 (10)
 Rapid  >  10 mmol/l/24 h 53 (88) 19 (83) 12 (86) 9 (100) 7 (88) 6 (100) 7 (100) 4 (100) 3 (100) 60 (90)
Mortality, number (%) 4 (7) 3 (13) 1 (7) 0 0 0 2 (29) 2 (50) 0 6 (9)
  1. aDue to rounding of percentage, the total is not 100%