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Table 1 Clinical features of the 151 SE cases

From: Treatment delay in status epilepticus – more effective prehospital symptom recognition warranted

  N %
Scene of SE onset
 Home, with someone else 63 41.7
 Healthcare unit 31 20.5
 Public place 23 15.2
 Nursing home 20 13.2
 Home, alone 12 7.9
 Prison 2 1.3
Seizure etiology
 Acute symptomatic 57 37.7
  Alcohol withdrawal 26 17.2
  Drug withdrawal 18 11.9
  Cerebrovascular accident 6 4.0
  CNS infection 3 2.0
  Drug toxicity 2 1.3
  Metabolic insult 1 0.7
  Head trauma 1 0.7
 Unknown 39 25.8
  Epilepsy with unknown or genetic etiology 24 15.9
  Unknown 15 9.9
 Remote symptomatic 38 25.2
  Previous cerebrovascular accident 24 15.9
  Previous brain injury 6 4.0
  CNS anomaly 4 2.6
  Previous brain surgery 2 1.3
  Previous CNS infection 2 1.3
 Progressive symptomatic 17 11.3
  Degenerative brain disease 9 6.0
  Brain tumor 8 5.3
Seizure type before treatment
 Tonic-clonic 105 69.5
 Focal, impaired awareness 22 14.6
 Focal, aware 15 9.9
 Nonconvulsive comatose 5 3.3
 Absence 2 1.3
 Myoclonic 2 1.3
SE recognition
 In prehospital setting 90 59.6
  Paramedic 68 45.0
  GP 11 7.3
  Caretaker 6 4.0
  EMS physician 5 3.3
 In hospital 61 40.4
  ED neurologist 56 37.1
  ED neurologist/clinical neurophysiologist (EEG diagnosis) 5 3.3
Means of transportation after onset of SE
 Ambulance 133 88.1
 Already admitted to ED 10 6.6
 Private car 5 3.3
 Helicopter 3 2.0
Health care unit where first treated
 Kuopio University Hospital 124 82.1
 Community health center (no neurologist on call) 21 13.9
 Regional hospital (no neurologist on call) 6 4.0
  1. SE Status epilepticus, CNS Central nervous system, GP General practitioner, EMS Emergency medical services, ED Emergency department, EEG Electroencephalogram. Transport by helicopter is arranged by the Helicopter Emergency Medical Service that has a landing pad at Kuopio University Hospital