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Table 1 Theoretical representation of injury patterns for ISS ≥ 13 or in-hospital fatalities

From: Does injury pattern among major road trauma patients influence prehospital transport decisions regardless of the distance to the nearest trauma centre? – a retrospective study

Injury pattern AIS region and level of severity
  Head & Neck Face Thorax Abdomen Spine Upper extremities Lower extremities External
  2 3 4+ 2 3 4 2 3 4+ 2 3 4+ 2 3 4+ 2 3 4+ 2 3 4+ 2 3 4+
Head isolateda O O C1                      
Head 3+ & other 4+ O C1 C1 O O C2 O O C2 O O C2 O O C2 O O C2 O O C2 O O C2
Head 3+ thorax 3+ & other O C1 C1 O O   O C1   O O   O O   O O   O O   O O  
Head 3+ face 2, 3 & other O C1 C1 C2 C2   O    O O   O O   O O   O O   O O  
Head 3+ & other O C1 C1     C2    C2 C2   C2 C2   C2 C2   C2 C2   C2 C2  
Spine 3+ & other O    O O O O O O O O O O C1 C1 O O O O O O O O O
Other 4+b O    O O C1 O O C1 O O C1 O    O O C1 O O C1 O O C1
Abdomen 2, 3 & otherc O    O C2   O C2   C1    O    O C2   O C2   O C2  
  C2    C2 C2   C2 C2   O C1   C2    C2 C2   C2 C2   C2 C2  
Thorax 3 & other C2    C2 C2   O C1      C2    C2 C2   C2 C2   C2 C2  
Othera,b C2    O C1   C2       C2    O C1   O C1   O C1  
  1. C1 (Criterion 1) indicate injuries that had to be present for the patient to be included in that injury pattern, and C2 (Criterion 2) indicates that at least one of these injuries had to be present for the patient to be included in that injury pattern. Other possible injury (O) can be present or not
  2. aInclude fatalities ISS ≥ 4 with MAIS 2 or 3
  3. bAt least one of C1
  4. cFirst row if AIS 2, second row if AIS 3