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Table 7 Logistic regression analysis of <24h mortality, in-hospital mortality and ICU admission on gender and other covariates in trauma patients (ISS≥16)

From: Is there an association between female gender and outcome in severe trauma? A multi-center analysis in the Netherlands

  <24h mortality In-hospital mortality ICU admission
Variable OR 95% CI P - value OR 95% CI P - value OR 95% CI P - value
Male Gender 1.100 0.867-1.394 0.433 1.085 0.917-1.283 0.341 1.192 1.035-1.374 0.015
Age, years
 16-40 REF REF <0.0001a REF REF <0.0001a REF REF <0.0001a
 41-60 1.147 0.866-1.518 0.338 1.468 1.196-1.802 <0.0001 0.876 0.746-1.029 0.108
 60+ 2.784 2.142-3.619 <0.0001 5.336 4.381-6.499 <0.0001 0.708 0.603-0.832 <0.0001
Blunt MOI 0.462 0.327-0.654 <0.0001 0.539 0.405-0.717 <0.0001 0.739 0.566-0.965 0.027
P-HEMS 1.321 1.041-1.676 0.022 1.217 1.024-1.447 0.026 1.227 1.051-1.433 0.010
Admission at ED, year
 2004-2006 1.593 0.820-3.095 0.170 1.382 0.864-2.211 0.177 0.720 0.489-1.061 0.097
 2007-2009 2.269 1.651-3.119 <0.0001 1.589 1.272-1.984 <0.0001 1.011 0.830-1.232 0.914
 2010-2012 1.463 1.085-1.974 0.013 1.244 1.014-1.526 0.036 0.615 0.523-0.723 <0.0001
 2013-2014 REF REF <0.0001a REF REF <0.0001 REF REF <0.0001
ISS
 16-24 REF REF <0.0001a REF REF <0.0001 REF REF <0.0001a
 25-50 3.069 2.288-4.117 <0.0001 3.692 3.055-4.463 <0.0001 2.199 1.906-2.538 <0.0001
 51-75 4.083 2.414-6.905 <0.0001 8.834 5.745-13.585 <0.0001 2.109 1.130-3.938 0.019
AIS Thorax ≥ 3 0.645 0.509-0.819 <0.0001 0.608 0.510-0.724 <0.0001 2.048 1.752-2.394 <0.0001
AIS Abdomen ≥ 3 1.667 1.207-2.304 0.002 1.492 1.154-1.929 0.002 1.756 1.389-2.220 <0.0001
Prehospital intubation 2.095 1.645-2.669 <0.0001 1.721 1.443-2.053 <0.0001 0.755 0.639-0.892 0.001
SBP ≤89 mmHg at ED 5.456 4.140-7.188 <0.0001 2.976 2.315-3.827 <0.0001 0.374 0.282-0.496 <0.0001
GCS ≤8 at ED 9.535 6.496-13.998 <0.0001 5.464 4.335-6.886 <0.0001 2.260 1.840-2.776 <0.0001
RTS≤12 at ED 1.029 0.663-1.597 0.897 1.357 1.036-1.777 0.027 3.464 2.848-4.215 <0.0001
AIS Head ≥ 3     1.461 1.180-1.810 0.001 1.163 0.984-1.374 0.077
  1. AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; CI, Confidence Interval; ED, Emergency Department; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; ISS, Injury Severity Score; MOI, Mechanism of Injury; P-HEMS, Physician staffed Helicopter Emergency Services; OR, Odds ratio; SBP, Systolic Blood Pressure; RTS, Revised Trauma Score
  2. a P – value represents the overall significance across the categories