Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Logistic regression analysis of 24h mortality, in-hospital mortality and ICU admission on gender and other covariates in trauma patients (ISS≥16)

From: Is there an association between female gender and outcome in severe trauma? A multi-center analysis in the Netherlands

  24h mortality In-hospital mortality ICU admission
Variable OR 95% CI P - value OR 95% CI P - value OR 95% CI P - value
Male Gender 1.049 0.829-1.327 0.693 1.020 0.865-1.204 0.811 1.205 1.046-1.388 0.010
Age, years
 16-44 REF   <0.0001a REF   <0.0001a REF   0.002a
 45-54 0.972 0.688-1.373 0.872 1.232 0.961-1.580 0.100 0.906 0.749-1.096 0.311
 55+ 2.179 1.715-2.767 <0.0001 3.922 3.284-4.684 <0.0001 0.770 0.665-0.891 <0.0001
Blunt MOI 0.477 0.338-0.674 <0.0001 0.561 0.422-0.745 <0.0001 0.734 0.562-0.959 0.023
P-HEMS 1.321 1.042-1.675 0.021 1.212 1.021-1.439 0.028 1.234 1.057-1.441 0.008
Admission at ED, year
 2004-2006 1.548 0.800-2.992 0.194 1.315 0.826-2.094 0.249 0.724 0.492-1.066 0.102
 2007-2009 2.214 1.615-3.035 <0.0001 1.533   <0.0001 1.014 0.832-1.235 0.893
 2010-2012 1.441 1.070-1.940 0.016 1.224 1.230-1.909 0.049 0.615 0.523-0.724 <0.0001
 2013-2014 REF   <0.0001a REF 1.001-1.498 <0.0001a REF   <0.0001a
ISS
 16-24 REF   <0.0001a REF   <0.0001a REF   <0.0001a
 25-50 2.985 2.235-3.987 <0.0001 3.653 3.029-4.407 <0.0001 2.190 1.898-2.526 <0.0001
 51-75 3.873 2.302-6.514 <0.0001 8.657 5.646-13.274 <0.0001 2.126 1.139-3.970 0.018
AIS Thorax ≥ 3 0.647 0.514-0.814 <0.0001 0.593 0.499-0.705 <0.0001 2.053 1.757-2.399 <0.0001
AIS Abdomen ≥ 3 1.646 1.202-2.255 0.002 1.405 1.088-1.813 0.009 1.776 1.406-2.245 <0.0001
Prehospital intubation 2.042 1.605-2.598 <0.0001 1.674 1.405-1.994 <0.0001 0.756 0.640-0.893 0.001
SBP ≤89 mmHg at ED 5.502 4.179-7.245 <0.0001 3.030 2.358-3.895 <0.0001 0.372 0.281-0.494 <0.0001
GCS ≤8 at ED 9.221 6.287-13.526 <0.0001 5.200 4.139-6.532 <0.0001 2.262 1.841-2.778 <0.0001
RTS≤12 at ED 1.034 0.667-2.670 0.880 1.352 1.034-1.767 0.027 3.460 2.844-4.209 <0.0001
AIS Head ≥ 3     1.479 1.196-1.829 <0.0001 1.155 0.977-1.365 0.091
  1. a P – value represents the overall significance across the categories
  2. AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; CI, Confidence Interval; ED, Emergency Department; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; ISS, Injury Severity Score; MOI, Mechanism of Injury; P-HEMS, Physician staffed Helicopter Emergency Services; OR, Odds ratio; SBP, Systolic Blood Pressure; RTS, Revised Trauma Score