Skip to main content

Table 5 Logistic regression analysis of 24h mortality, in-hospital mortality and ICU admission on gender and other covariates in trauma patients (ISS≥16)

From: Is there an association between female gender and outcome in severe trauma? A multi-center analysis in the Netherlands

 24h mortalityIn-hospital mortalityICU admission
VariableOR95% CIP - valueOR95% CIP - valueOR95% CIP - value
Male Gender1.0490.829-1.3270.6931.0200.865-1.2040.8111.2051.046-1.3880.010
Age, years
 16-44REF <0.0001aREF <0.0001aREF 0.002a
 45-540.9720.688-1.3730.8721.2320.961-1.5800.1000.9060.749-1.0960.311
 55+2.1791.715-2.767<0.00013.9223.284-4.684<0.00010.7700.665-0.891<0.0001
Blunt MOI0.4770.338-0.674<0.00010.5610.422-0.745<0.00010.7340.562-0.9590.023
P-HEMS1.3211.042-1.6750.0211.2121.021-1.4390.0281.2341.057-1.4410.008
Admission at ED, year
 2004-20061.5480.800-2.9920.1941.3150.826-2.0940.2490.7240.492-1.0660.102
 2007-20092.2141.615-3.035<0.00011.533 <0.00011.0140.832-1.2350.893
 2010-20121.4411.070-1.9400.0161.2241.230-1.9090.0490.6150.523-0.724<0.0001
 2013-2014REF <0.0001aREF1.001-1.498<0.0001aREF <0.0001a
ISS
 16-24REF <0.0001aREF <0.0001aREF <0.0001a
 25-502.9852.235-3.987<0.00013.6533.029-4.407<0.00012.1901.898-2.526<0.0001
 51-753.8732.302-6.514<0.00018.6575.646-13.274<0.00012.1261.139-3.9700.018
AIS Thorax ≥ 30.6470.514-0.814<0.00010.5930.499-0.705<0.00012.0531.757-2.399<0.0001
AIS Abdomen ≥ 31.6461.202-2.2550.0021.4051.088-1.8130.0091.7761.406-2.245<0.0001
Prehospital intubation2.0421.605-2.598<0.00011.6741.405-1.994<0.00010.7560.640-0.8930.001
SBP ≤89 mmHg at ED5.5024.179-7.245<0.00013.0302.358-3.895<0.00010.3720.281-0.494<0.0001
GCS ≤8 at ED9.2216.287-13.526<0.00015.2004.139-6.532<0.00012.2621.841-2.778<0.0001
RTS≤12 at ED1.0340.667-2.6700.8801.3521.034-1.7670.0273.4602.844-4.209<0.0001
AIS Head ≥ 3   1.4791.196-1.829<0.00011.1550.977-1.3650.091
  1. a P – value represents the overall significance across the categories
  2. AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; CI, Confidence Interval; ED, Emergency Department; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; ISS, Injury Severity Score; MOI, Mechanism of Injury; P-HEMS, Physician staffed Helicopter Emergency Services; OR, Odds ratio; SBP, Systolic Blood Pressure; RTS, Revised Trauma Score