Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Patient characteristics by gender

From: Is there an association between female gender and outcome in severe trauma? A multi-center analysis in the Netherlands

  Total (n =6865) Males (n=4851) Females (n=2014) P-value
Age (years) mean ± SD 49.9 ± 21.0 47.7 ± 20.2 55.4 ± 22.0 <0.0001
Age groups (%)
 16-44 years 2861 (41.7) 2212 (45.5) 652 (32.4) <0.0001
 45-54 years 1083 (15.8) 821 (16.9) 261 (13.0) <0.0001
 55+ years 2921 (42.5) 1818 (37.5) 1101 (54.7) <0.0001
ISS median (range) 25.0(16-75) 25.0 (16-75) 24.0 (16-75) <0.0001
ISS categorical (%)
 16-24 3417 (49.8) 2376 (49.0) 1041 (51.7) 0.044
 25-50 3309 (48.2) 2369 (48.8) 940 (46.7) 0.108
 51-75 139 (2.0) 106 (2.2) 33 (1.6) 0.171
Blunt mechanism of injury (%) 6396 (93.2) 4478 (92.3) 1918 (95.2) <0.0001
AIS cranial ≥ 3 (%) 4502 (65.6) 3068 (63.2) 1434 (71.2) <0.0001
AIS thorax ≥ 3 (%) 2944 (42.9) 2237 (46.1) 707 (35.1) <0.0001
AIS abdomen ≥ 3 (%) 738 (10.8) 547 (11.3) 191 (9.5) 0.032
SBP ≤ 89 mmHg at admission (%) 429 (6.2) 330 (6.8) 99 (4.9) 0.008
GCS at admission median (range) 14.0 (3-15) 14.0 (3-15) 14.0 (3-15) 0.048
P-HEMS assistance (%) 2432 (35.4) 1847 (38.1) 585 (29.0) <0.0001
Prehospital intubation (%) 2057 (30.0) 1500 (30.9) 557 (27.7) 0.009
Intubation at ED (%) 2912 (42.4) 2120 (43.7) 792 (39.3) 0.003
  1. AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; ED, Emergency Department; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; ISS, Injury Severity Score; P-HEMS, Physician staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Service; SBP, Systolic Blood Pressure; SD, Standard Deviation