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Table 1 Patient characteristics by gender

From: Is there an association between female gender and outcome in severe trauma? A multi-center analysis in the Netherlands

 Total (n =6865)Males (n=4851)Females (n=2014)P-value
Age (years) mean ± SD49.9 ± 21.047.7 ± 20.255.4 ± 22.0<0.0001
Age groups (%)
 16-44 years2861 (41.7)2212 (45.5)652 (32.4)<0.0001
 45-54 years1083 (15.8)821 (16.9)261 (13.0)<0.0001
 55+ years2921 (42.5)1818 (37.5)1101 (54.7)<0.0001
ISS median (range)25.0(16-75)25.0 (16-75)24.0 (16-75)<0.0001
ISS categorical (%)
 16-243417 (49.8)2376 (49.0)1041 (51.7)0.044
 25-503309 (48.2)2369 (48.8)940 (46.7)0.108
 51-75139 (2.0)106 (2.2)33 (1.6)0.171
Blunt mechanism of injury (%)6396 (93.2)4478 (92.3)1918 (95.2)<0.0001
AIS cranial ≥ 3 (%)4502 (65.6)3068 (63.2)1434 (71.2)<0.0001
AIS thorax ≥ 3 (%)2944 (42.9)2237 (46.1)707 (35.1)<0.0001
AIS abdomen ≥ 3 (%)738 (10.8)547 (11.3)191 (9.5)0.032
SBP ≤ 89 mmHg at admission (%)429 (6.2)330 (6.8)99 (4.9)0.008
GCS at admission median (range)14.0 (3-15)14.0 (3-15)14.0 (3-15)0.048
P-HEMS assistance (%)2432 (35.4)1847 (38.1)585 (29.0)<0.0001
Prehospital intubation (%)2057 (30.0)1500 (30.9)557 (27.7)0.009
Intubation at ED (%)2912 (42.4)2120 (43.7)792 (39.3)0.003
  1. AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; ED, Emergency Department; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; ISS, Injury Severity Score; P-HEMS, Physician staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Service; SBP, Systolic Blood Pressure; SD, Standard Deviation