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Table 1 Participant baseline characteristics

From: Emergency department non-invasive cardiac output study (EDNICO): a feasibility and repeatability study

  Participants (n = 76)
Age 52.5 (21.7)
Sex (F:M) 38:38
Body mass index 25.8 (6)
MAP 89.9 (16.8)
SBP 122.5 (22.5)
DBP 69.8 (16)
Heart rate 94.8 (19.4)
Fluid bolus (FB) 373.3 (259.1)
Duration of FB 12.2 (9.9)
Initial lactate 4.74 (8.85)
Previous fluid 390.9 (572.9)
Treated for sepsis (Y:N) 40:36
ED diagnoses*
Sepsis 40
  Unknown source at presentation 14
  Respiratory tract 9
  Urinary tract 8
  Gastro-intestinal tract 3
  Post-operative 3
  Cellulitis 1
  Dental abscess 1
  Neutropenic sepsis 1
Other 36
  Non-specifically unwell 13
  Intoxication drugs/alcohol 4
  Syncope 4
  Viral gastroenteritis 4
  Atrial fibrillation > 130 BPM 2
  Vestibular neuritis 2
  Exacerbation of Crohn’s disease 1
  Hyperglycaemic state 1
  Ischaemic limb 1
  Pulmonary embolism 1
  Seizure 1
  Renal colic (vomiting) 1
  Biliary colic (vomiting) 1
  1. *preliminary diagnosis after initial ED assessment; standard deviations are denoted in brackets, MAP mean arterial pressure, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, ED emergency department)